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In Argentina, Escherichia coli O157:H7/NM (STEC O157) is the prevalent serotype associated with hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), which is endemic in the country with more than 400 cases per year. In order to estimate the prevalence and characteristics of STEC O157 in beef cattle at slaughter, a survey of 1,622 fecal and carcass samples was conducted in nine(More)
As a way to contribute to the assessment of Acinetobacter baumannii clinical population structure, multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) was performed in a collection of 93 isolates from Buenos Aires (1983-2012) and Rosario (2006-2009) hospitals. Sequence types (STs) were achieved by Bartual (B) and Institut Pasteur (P) schemes. PFGE typing, antimicrobial(More)
The non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) contamination in carcasses and feces of 811 bovines in nine beef abattoirs from Argentina was analyzed during a period of 17 months. The feces of 181 (22.3%) bovines were positive for non-O157 STEC, while 73 (9.0%) of the carcasses showed non-O157 STEC contamination. Non-O157 STEC strains isolated(More)
The emergence of tigecycline resistance has increased in the last years. Although tigecycline-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates were described all over the world, few reports regarding the molecular basis of this resistance are available. It has been recognized that the overexpression of AdeABC efflux pump is related to the tigecycline-resistant(More)
Acinetobacter baumannii is a significant nosocomial pathogen often associated with extreme drug resistance (XDR). In Argentina, isolates of A. baumannii resistant to tetracyclines have accounted for more than 40% of drug-resistant isolates in some hospitals. We have previously reported the dispersion of the tet(B) resistance element associated with the(More)
North America (n=644) (n=780) (n=708) (n=997) (n=3129) Colistin 98.8 98.3 98.2 98.0 98.2 Polymyxin B 98.8 98.3 98.2 98.0 98.3 Europeb (n=522) (n=657) (n=678) (n=685) (n=2542) Colistin 98.9 98.6 97.8 98.7 98.5 Polymyxin B 98.9 98.6 97.8 98.7 98.4 Latin America (n=311) (n=376) (n=325) (n=299) (n=1311) Colistin 98.7 98.4 97.5 97.0 97.9 Polymyxin B 99.0 98.4(More)
Resistance to minocycline has emerged in multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates from Buenos Aires hospitals. Few reports about the description and dispersion of tet genes in this species have been published. We observed the presence of tet(B) in all minocycline-resistant isolates. This gene was found to be associated with the ISCR2 mobile(More)
In order to determine the occurrence of AbaR-type genomic island in multidrug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDRAb) strains circulating in Argentina, Uruguay, and Chile, we studied 51 MDRAb isolates recovered from several hospitals over 30 years. AbaR-type genomic resistance islands were found in 36 MDRAb isolates since 1986 till now. MLST technique(More)
Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as a serious problem in the hospital environment at a global scale. Previous results from our laboratory showed a high frequency of class 2 integrons in A. baumannii strains from Argentina regarding the low rate of this element in A. baumannii isolates from the rest of the world. To reveal the current epidemiology of(More)
Acinetobacter baumannii pigmented strains are not common in clinical settings. Here, we report an outbreak caused by indigo-pigmented A. baumannii strains isolated in an acute care hospital in Argentina from March to September 2012. Pan-PCR assays exposed a unique pattern belonging to the recently described regional CC113(B)/CC79(P) clonal complex that(More)