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Faecal samples from suckling (n = 205) and weaned piglets (n = 82) with diarrhoea from 24 farms in Southern Germany were examined for shedding of important metazoic parasitic, viral and bacterial pathogens using culture, microscopic and electronmicroscopic methods. Escherichia coli isolates were tested further for the enterotoxin genes est-Ia and elt-I by(More)
Canine parvovirus (CPV) type-2 emerged as a new virus infecting dogs in 1978, and it was probably derived as a variant of feline panleukopenia virus or of a closely related virus infecting another carnivore. CPV type-2 was subsequently replaced in nature by antigenically variant viruses (CPV type-2a and CPV type-2b) which now coexist in dog populations(More)
Out of 174 bovine Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains isolated from diarrheic calves in Germany and Belgium, 122 strains (70.1%) were selected because of their reactivity with the eae (E. coli attaching and effacing gene) probe ECW1-ECW2. One hundred seven of these eae-positive strains (87.7%) harbored stx1 genes, 13 strains (10.7%) had(More)
In the last years the number of reports on virus isolations from reptiles have increased. The relationship of reptilian viruses to mammalian and avian viruses has not been fully investigated to date. In this paper 6 reptilian reoviruses have been examined and compared with avian and mammalian reoviruses with respect to serological and physicochemical(More)
Lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia of HIV-infected individuals and SIV pneumonia of macaques are both characterized by diffuse infiltration of the lungs with lymphocytes, plasma cells, and macrophages. This study was undertaken to determine whether there are specific, macrophage-tropic genotypes that selectively replicate in the lung of macaques with SIV(More)
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains of serogroup 0118 are the most prevalent group among STEC strains in diarrheic calves in Germany (L. H. Wieler, Ph.D. thesis, University of Giessen, 1997). To define their virulence properties, 42 0118 (0118:H16 [n = 38] and 0118:H- [n = 4]) strains were characterized. The strains displayed three(More)
A virus isolate from the brain of a rattle snake with central nervous system (CNS) symptoms was identified as a reovirus. The isolate did not agglutinate pig erythrocytes and was not neutralized by antisera against avian reovirus S1133 and mammalian reovirus type 3. The cytopathic effect in Vero cells was characterized by formation of syncytial giant cells.(More)
The genomic relationship of porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis virus (HEV) to bovine coronavirus (BCV) and human coronavirus (HCV) strain OC43 was examined by dot blot hybridization assays. Two BCV S gene-specific probes were generated by polymerase chain reaction from the avirulent L9-strain of BCV. Probes were located in the S1 and the S2 region(More)
4044 stool samples of dogs with diarrhoea were examined by electron microscopy. The samples were sent for routine diagnostics in the years 1988-1993. Over the examination period virus was detected in 32% of the samples. Parvovirus was diagnosed in 17.2% and coronavirus in 12.4% of the cases. The number of parvovirus-positive samples was lower than in former(More)
The in vivo efficacy of ofloxacin was compared with those of cefotaxime and doxycycline in a rat model of epididymitis due to Escherichia coli. Treatment was started 24 h after infection and was continued for 7 days. Ofloxacin reduced the numbers of E. coli organisms in the epididymides significantly more than the other therapeutic regimens and cured the(More)