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1. Outer hair cells (OHCs) have active micromechanical properties that are thought to be the origin of evoked otoacoustic emissions (EOAEs). In the present study, click-evoked otoacoustic emissions were recorded in humans with or without various contralateral acoustic stimulations. A previous study, concentrating on contralateral stimulation with broadband(More)
The present study investigates the possibility that contralateral auditory stimulation along medial efferent system pathways may alter active cochlear micromechanics and hence affect evoked oto-acoustic emissions in humans. A first experiment, involving 21 healthy subjects showed reduction of oto-acoustic emission amplitude under low intensity contralateral(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the temporal relationship between speech auditory brainstem responses and acoustic pattern of the phoneme /ba/. METHODS Speech elicited auditory brainstem responses (Speech ABR) to /ba/ were recorded in 23 normal-hearing subjects. Effect of stimulus intensity was assessed on Speech ABR components latencies in 11 subjects. The(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the functional organization of the auditory cortex for pure tones of 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 12 kHz. Ten subjects were tested with a whole-head magnetometer (151 channels). The location, latency and amplitude of the generators of the N1m (the main component of the response, peaking approximately at 100 ms) were(More)
It is well known that the large inter-individual susceptibility to noise exposure makes it impossible to predict the degree of hearing loss which will develop after any given intense noise exposure. The acoustic trauma which sometimes occurs affects cochlear mechanisms, the damage being most probably due to deactivation of the active processes of the outer(More)
Clinical hyperacusis consists of a marked intolerance to ordinary environmental sounds, while hearing thresholds are quite often normal. Hyperacusis appears to be a subjective phenomenon, which is not easily defined or quantified by objective measurements. In order to create a tool suitable to quantify and evaluate various hyperacusis symptoms, a(More)
At the auditory periphery, the medial olivocochlear system is assumed to be involved in complex sound processing and may be influenced by feedback from higher auditory nuclei. Indeed, the descending auditory pathway includes fibers coming from the auditory cortex that are anatomically well positioned to influence the superior olivary complex, and thus the(More)
Clinical reports on autism describe abnormal responses to auditory stimuli such as intolerance to sounds. The present study assessed subjective perception of loudness in subjects with autism compared to healthy controls, using two psychoacoustic tests. First, the auditory dynamic range was evaluated at six different tone frequencies. Secondly, loudness(More)
Active cochlear mechanisms and especially outer hair cells seem to be involved in oto-acoustic emissions (OAEs) genesis. This study sought to investigate basic characteristics of spontaneous otoacoustic emissions (SOAEs), click-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TOAEs) and interrelations between SOAEs, TOAEs and 2f1-f2 and 2f2-f1 distortion product OAEs (DPOAEs)(More)
Reading disability is associated with phonological problems which might originate in auditory processing disorders. The aim of the present study was 2-fold: first, the perceptual skills of average-reading children and children with dyslexia were compared in a categorical perception task assessing the processing of a phonemic contrast based on voice onset(More)