E. V. Gorelik

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BACKGROUND Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are thought to be responsible for tumor regeneration after chemotherapy, although direct confirmation of this remains forthcoming. We therefore investigated whether drug treatment could enrich and maintain CSCs and whether the high tumorogenic and metastatic abilities of CSCs were based on their marked ability to produce(More)
Retroviruses have the potential to acquire host cell-derived genetic material during reverse transcription and can integrate into the genomes of larger, more complex DNA viruses. In contrast, RNA viruses were believed not to integrate into the host's genome under any circumstances. We found that illegitimate recombination between an exogenous nonretroviral(More)
Human regulatory T cells (Treg) have been variously defined as CD4(+)CD25(+), CD4(+)CD25(high) or CD4(+)CD25(high)FOXP3(+) cells which are responsible for maintaining peripheral tolerance. Their isolation from human peripheral blood or tissues depends on the expression level of CD25(IL-2Ralpha) - a surface marker which is also expressed on activated(More)
Anoikis is a form of apoptosis induced in normal cells as a result of loss of their adhesion to substrate. In the present study, we have tested whether tumor cells are also sensitive to anoikis and whether selection of tumor cells for resistance to anoikis could increase their metastatic ability. In vitro cultured Cloudman S91 melanoma cells are strongly(More)
Adenosine deaminase (ADA) is responsible for the deamination of immunosuppressive adenosine to inosine. In human T lymphocytes, ADA is associated with dipeptidyl peptidase IV (CD26). ADA expression and activity were evaluated in regulatory T cells (Treg) and CD4(+) T effector cells (Teff) of patients with head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC).(More)
The role of the tryptophan-catabolizing enzyme, indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO1), in tumor escape and metastasis formation was analyzed using two pairs of Ido1+ and Ido1- murine breast cancer cell lines. Ido1 expression in 4T1 cells was knocked down by shRNA, and Ido1 expression in NT-5 cells was upregulated by stable transfection. Growth of Ido1- tumors(More)
Electron microscopy of B16 melanoma and its sublines revealed that these cells produce numerous intracisternal A-type retroviral particles (IAPs). To identify and sequence the melanoma-associated IAPs of C57BL/6 mice, a cDNA library was constructed from IAP-producing BL6.8 cell RNA and screened using MIA14 IAP DNA as a probe. A 6-8 kb mRNA was identified(More)
Three melanomas of C57BL/6 mice (BL6, .1lì/MS, and JB/RH) share several phenotypic properties. All these cells contain melanoma-specific ecotropic C-type retrovirus that encodes melanoma-associated antigen recognizable by MM2-9B6 mAb. They do not express H-2Kb molecules, and the a-galactosyl epitopes <Galal-3Galßl-4GlcNAc-R) they fail to react with(More)
Many neoplasms seem to be heterogeneous in nature, producing metastases by pre-existing variant cells with inherent biochemical and biological properties. The survival and proliferation of metastatic cells depend on various biological properties, such as enzymes which degrade basement membranes, resistance to various host defence systems, association with(More)
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