E. V. Budilova

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In all human populations mean life span of women generally exceeds that of men, but the extent of this sexual dimorphism varies across different regions of the world. Our purpose here is to study, using global demographic and environmental data, the general tendency of this variation and local deviations from it. We used data on male and female life history(More)
We explore from both theoretical and empirical perspectives the hypothesis that a significant part of the worldwide variability in human birthweight results from adaptive responses to local selective pressures. We first developed an agent-based model to simulate the process of evolutionary selection on life history strategy, and then we performed a(More)
A brief history is recounted of the mathematical theory of life history evolution which originates from works by L. Euler, T. Malthus, A. Lotka, and R. Fisher, but has been developed in its final form in 1970s. Basic approaches to modeling life history evolutionary ecology--the explicit, optimization, and adaptive dynamics ones--are evaluated with an(More)
A review of connectionist or network approach to describe and understand regulatory processes in organism is presented. Network models of neural, genetic, immune and endocrine regulation are considered and a conception of organism as an integrative network system is introduced. A new approach to the problem of organism state control, called associative(More)
The tip-of-the-tongue state, or memory blocking, has been investigated from the point of view of possibilities of its neural network modeling. The results of neuropsychological and neurobiological studies on memory blocking have been reviewed, and basic problems whose solution could contribute to the comprehension of this phenomenon have been formulated.(More)
The capacity of a specially designed neural network for familiarity recognition and recollection has been compared. The recognition is based on calculating some quantity interpreted as the familiarity of a pattern. The familiarity is calculated using a modified Hopfield energy function in which the value of the inner sum is replaced by the sign of this(More)