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The work of the ITPA SOL/divertor group is reviewed and implications for ITER discussed. Studies of near SOL gradients have revealed a connection to underlying turbulence models. Analysis of a multi-machine database shows that parallel conduction gradients near the separatrix scale as major radius. New SOL measurements have implicated low-field side(More)
Recently, plasmas exceeding 4 min have been obtained with lower hybrid current drive (LHCD) in Tore Supra. These LHCD plasmas extend for over 80 times the resistive current diffusion time with zero loop voltage. Under such unique conditions the neoclassical particle pinch driven by the toroidal electric field vanishes. Nevertheless, the density profile(More)
Steady state full noninductive current tore supra plasmas offer a unique opportunity to study the local parametric dependence of particle pinch velocity, in order to discriminate among different theories. Magnetic field shear is found to generate an inward pinch which is dominant in the gradient region (normalized radius 0.3</=r/a</=0.6). In contrast, the(More)
Fuel retention, a crucial issue for next step devices, is assessed in present tokamaks using two methods : particle balance performed during shots and post mortem analysis carried out during shutdowns between experimental campaigns. Post mortem analysis generally gives lower estimates of fuel retention than particle balance. In order to understand the(More)
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