E. Sylvester Vizi

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To understand the functional significance and mechanisms of action in the CNS of endogenous and exogenous cannabinoids, it is crucial to identify the neural elements that serve as the structural substrate of these actions. We used a recently developed antibody against the CB1 cannabinoid receptor to study this question in hippocampal networks. Interneurons(More)
The brain and the immune system are the two major adaptive systems of the body. During an immune response the brain and the immune system "talk to each other" and this process is essential for maintaining homeostasis. Two major pathway systems are involved in this cross-talk: the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the sympathetic nervous system(More)
The enzymatic activities of CD39 and CD73 play strategic roles in calibrating the duration, magnitude, and chemical nature of purinergic signals delivered to immune cells through the conversion of ADP/ATP to AMP and AMP to adenosine, respectively. This drives a shift from an ATP-driven proinflammatory environment to an anti-inflammatory milieu induced by(More)
Adenosine released into the extracellular space by immunologic and nonimmunologic stimuli has been shown to regulate various immune functions. In this study we report that i.p. pretreatment of mice with CGS-21680 HCl (CGS), a selective agonist of A2 adenosine receptors, at 0.2 to 2 mg/kg caused an augmentation of plasma IL-10 levels induced by i.p.(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates that nitric oxide (NO) inhibits the function of monoamine transporters. Because the production of NO by neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) is closely related to the activation of NMDA receptors, the level of NO around nNOS-containing synapses reflects the activity of glutamate-mediated neurotransmission. Glutamate participates(More)
Despite the profound effect of cannabinoids on motor function, and their therapeutic potential in Parkinson's and Huntington's diseases, the cellular and subcellular distributions of striatal CB1 receptors are not well defined. Here, we show that CB1 receptors are primarily located on GABAergic (vesicular GABA transporter-positive) and glutamatergic(More)
P2X(7) receptors are ligand-gated ion channels, expressed as homo-oligomeric assemblies of individual subunits. They are widely distributed at immunocompetent cells of the central and peripheral nervous system and are believed to be primarily involved in host-defense reaction. However, a growing amount of evidence indicates that their signaling role in the(More)
The modulation by adenosine analogues and endogenous adenosine of the electrically evoked release of [3H]acetylcholine ([3H]ACh) was compared in subslices of the three areas of the rat hippocampus (CA1, CA3, and dentate gyrus). The mixed A1/A2 agonist 2-chloroadenosine (CADO; 2-10 microM) inhibited, in a concentration-dependent manner, the release of(More)
Hippocampus plays a crucial role in important brain functions (e.g. memory, learning) thus in the past two decades this brain region became a major objective of neuroscience research. During this period large number of anatomical, neurochemical and electrophysiological data have been accumulated. While excellent reviews have been published on the anatomy(More)
The release of adenosine and ATP evoked by electrical field stimulation in rat hippocampal slices was investigated with the following two patterns of stimulation: (1) a brief, high-frequency burst stimulation (trains of stimuli at 100 Hz for 50 ms applied every 2 s for 1 min), to mimic a long-term potentiation (LTP) stimulation paradigm, and (2) a more(More)