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We examined length changes of individual half-sarcomeres during and after stretch in actively contracting, single rabbit psoas myofibrils containing 10-30 sarcomeres. The myofibrils were fluorescently immunostained so that both Z-lines and M-bands of sarcomeres could be monitored by video microscopy simultaneously with the force measurement. Half-sarcomere(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify the effects of medial foot orthoses on skeletal movements of the calcaneus and tibia during the stance phase in running. DESIGN Kinematic effects of medial foot orthoses (anterior, posterior, no support) were tested using skeletal (and shoe) markers at the calcaneus and tibia. BACKGROUND Previous studies using shoe and skin markers(More)
A new method for the measurement of tibial torsion using computerised transverse tomography is presented. Its accuracy is equal to that of cadaveric skeletal measurement. This method may be used in patients with unilateral post-traumatic torsional deformities, especially when these are combined with genu varum or valgum. The study of torsional aberrations(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of an early intervention program for attenuating bone mineral density loss after acute spinal cord injury (SCI) and to estimate the usefulness of a multimodality approach in diagnosing osteoporosis in SCI. DESIGN A single-case, experimental, multiple-baseline design. SETTING An SCI center in a university hospital.(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this paper is to review current data and concepts concerning the effect of immobilization on articular cartilage in animal models. We also evaluate the methods to measure articular cartilage changes in humans. METHODS Studies looking at the effects of immobilization on morphological, biochemical, and biomechanical characteristics(More)
INTRODUCTION Quantitative bone assessment today is primarily based on the analysis of bone mineral density (BMD). The geometric and structural properties of bone, which are important parameters for skeletal strength, are generally not considered in the routine clinical assessment of spinal cord injury-related osteopenia. OBJECTIVE To study changes in(More)
DESIGN A prospective inception cohort study with an observational analytic design in a spinal cord injury (SCI) centre hospital. OBJECTIVE To assess changes in trabecular and compact bone of the tibia and radius prospectively in subjects with SCI. SUBJECTS In total, 10 individuals with an acute SCI. METHODS Trabecular and compact bone density of the(More)
Sideward cutting movements occur frequently in sports activities, such as basketball, soccer, and tennis. These activities show a high incidence of injuries to the lateral aspect of the ankle. Consequently, the lateral stability of sport shoes seems important. The purpose of this study was to show the effect of different shoe sole properties (hardness,(More)
The functional behavior of two kinematically different knee arthroplasty systems within each subject was studied by gait analysis (three-dimensional kinematics, kinetics, dynamic electromyography) in five elderly patients, 2 to 5 years after bilateral surgery. Clinical results were good, yet gait velocity was reduced (range, 0.57-1.1 m/s), with a shortened(More)
BACKGROUND Bone atrophy in spinal cord-injured people (SCI) is, among other factors, caused by immobilization and is initiated shortly after the injury. The present study measured the effect of an functional electrical stimulation (FES)-cycling intervention on bone mineral density (BMD) of the tibia in recently injured SCI people. METHODS As soon as(More)