E Spooncer

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The proliferation and development of haemopoietic stem cells takes place in close association with marrow stromal cells. This intimate cell contact presumably enables the stem cells and their progeny to respond to stimuli present on the stromal cell surface. While the nature of these stimuli has not been determined, it is likely that growth factors play(More)
The survival, differentiation, proliferation and development of haemopoietic precursor cells and the functional activity of mature blood cells are all influenced by colony stimulating factors (CSFs). As haemopoietic cells rapidly die in the absence of appropriate CSF, the promotion of cell survival mediated by CSFs, or growth factors, is fundamental to all(More)
Stromal cells play a critical role in haematopoiesis, both in a permissive and, probably, in a directive manner. Study of the interactions between stromal cells and haematopoietic stem cells, however, is difficult to perform using whole bone marrow, in which stem cells are indistinguishable from precursor cells and maturing haematopoietic cells, and where(More)
Multipotent murine stem cell lines (FDC-Pmix) depend on IL-3 for self-renewal and proliferation and can be induced to differentiate into multiple hematopoietic lineages. Single FDC-Pmix cells infected with retroviral vectors expressing GM-CSF are induced to differentiate into granulocytes and macrophages. This results in a complete loss of clonogenic cells(More)
Sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are distributed in consistent and distinctive patterns between the cell surface and the growth medium of haemopoietically active long-term bone marrow cultures. Heparan sulfate is the main cell surface component and chon-droitin sulfate is the major sulfated species in the medium. When the cultures are supplemented with(More)
Highly enriched, bipotent, hematopoietic granulocyte macrophage colony-forming cells (GM-CFC) require cytokines for their survival, proliferation, and development. GM-CFC will form neutrophils in the presence of the cytokines stem cell factor and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, whereas macrophage colony-stimulating factor leads to macrophage(More)
Sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are distributed in consistent and distinctive patterns between the cell surface and the growth medium of haemopoietically active long-term bone marrow cultures. Heparan sulfate is the main cell surface component and chondroitin sulfate is the major sulfated species in the medium. When the cultures are supplemented with(More)
A molecular recombinant of Rous sarcoma virus and murine amphotropic leukaemia virus, src(MoMuLV), where the avian src oncogene has been placed under the influence of a murine virus promoter sequence, has been reported. Infection of long-term marrow cultures with this virus led to a dramatic change in the relative numbers of stem cells,(More)
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