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A 28-year-old woman with von Recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis (NF-1) had a huge hematoma in the left posterior nuchal region. Carotid and vertebral angiograms revealed marked stenosis at the C3 portion of the left internal carotid artery, slight moyamoya staining, occlusion of the left vertebral artery at the atlas level, and a right internal carotid(More)
To evaluate the role of platelet function in the pathogenesis of cerebral vasospasm, we compared sequential changes of platelet aggregability and beta-thromboglobulin and thromboxane B2 concentrations in blood samples from the internal jugular and peripheral vein of 13 patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Platelet function in blood from the(More)
A 16-year-old female presented with a rare case of subepicranial varix in the left temporal area manifesting as a soft mass in the left temporal area when she laid down in the left lateral position. Bulging of the mass was observed when intracranial venous pressure was raised by the Valsalva maneuver, the left lateral position, or the prone position. Bone(More)
The results of our previous experimental and clinical studies led us to the hypothesis that, in the pathogenesis of cerebral vasospasm, subarachnoid focal acidosis resulting from anaerobic changes of subarachnoid clots may be a factor upsetting the balanced synthesis of both thromboxane A2 and prostaglandin I2 from prostaglandin endoperoxides on the inner(More)
Taking advantage of the exposure of dural sinuses during craniotomies, we measured confluens sinuum pressure by direct catheterization. The influence of various surgical positions and of other factors on confluens sinuum pressure was studied. When the upper half of the body was raised, the confluens sinuum pressure decreased to reach zero at +25 degrees;(More)
In our in vitro study of subarachnoid haemorrhage, the anaerobic incubation of CSF-blood mixture led to marked fall in the pH value thereof, which suggested to us that intracranial focal acidosis may play some role in the pathogenesis of cerebral vasospasm or disturbance of consciousness after the haemorrhage. To test this hypothesis, we treated 16 clinical(More)
To prevent air embolism and minimize neurosurgical venous hemorrhage, the dural sinus pressure (confluens sinuum pressure, CSP) was examined under various conditions in 47 cases, 11 of whom were children. Either the extracranial (group A) or catheter type (group B) pressure transducer was used. The latter gave approximately 30% higher values than the(More)
Malignant melanomas arising from the sella turcica or sphenoidal sinus with bilateral invasion of the base of the skull or cavernous sinus are extremely rare. Whether the sella turcica or sphenoidal sinus is the site of origin is difficult to determine based on neuroradiological findings. An 83-year-old Japanese female presented with headache as the initial(More)
Two cases of traumatic basal ganglial hematoma with fairly good prognosis were reported. Several cases with similarly favorable prognosis could be also found in the recent literature. In these cases, post-traumatic disturbance in consciousness was mostly slight or moderate and the patients were rarely comatose. The inquiries in these cases were commonly(More)