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The purpose of this research is twofold. First is to extend the work of Smith (1992, 1996) and Smith and Miao (1991, 1994) in comparing item fit statistics and principal component analysis as tools for assessing the unidimensionality requirement of Rasch models. Second is to demonstrate methods to explore how violations of the unidimensionality requirement(More)
After few seconds, a figure steadily presented in peripheral vision becomes perceptually filled-in by its background, as if it "disappeared". We report that directing attention to the color, shape, or location of a figure increased the probability of perceiving filling-in compared to unattended figures, without modifying the time required for filling-in.(More)
This paper explores the dimensionality of responses to the Adult Behavior Checklist Revised, a screening assessment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in college students, and demonstrates a standard setting process for diagnostic rating scales. Responses from 317 undergraduate college students were used to investigate dimensionality; 8(More)
To ensure that researchers and practitioners make valid interpretations from children's self-reports, evidence must demonstrate that the self-report has appropriate psychometric properties. The Child Occupational Self Assessment (COSA) is a self-report of occupational competence and value for everyday activities designed to involve children in identifying(More)
Creation of Expert Systems in long established Engineering Companies can pose many difficulties. The Company's information is usually dispersed widely, and exists in many formats for different purposes. Engineers have limited time to communicate with Knowledge Engineers and sometimes misperceive the kind of information sought. Common ground can be(More)
Impairment of children's motor performance might limit participation in family and community life. Therefore, identification of motor impairments is important in support of early intervention to prevent limitations in children's occupational performance. The purpose of this paper is to examine item performance on the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP)(More)
The purpose of this research was to develop survey instruments to evaluate diabetes knowledge and self-efficacy in a diverse population, and investigate the psychometric properties of data obtained with these instruments using Rasch measurement. Two-hundred and fifty-five urban-dwelling participants with diabetes were recruited to complete surveys through(More)