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Among 20,332 adult patients who underwent consecutive cardiac catheterization and coronary arteriography, 83 (0.4%) were angiographically identified as having an absent left main coronary artery. The angiographic characteristics of this coronary anomaly include: (1) the presence of two well-separated coronary ostia at the left aortic sinus resulting in(More)
Patients with chronic kidney disease and heart failure (HF) have been shown to be at higher risk for major adverse cardiovascular events and death. Recent studies have demonstrated that blood urea nitrogen (BUN) might serve as a powerful predictor of mortality in acutely decompensated HF. The goal of this study was to determine the impact of BUN on(More)
BACKGROUND Orthotopic cardiac transplantation results in total cardiac denervation. Recent studies in humans suggest that reinnervation of cardiac sympathetic nerves (cardiac efferents) may occur after cardiac transplantation. We hypothesized that reinnervation of cardiac afferents may occur as well. To test this hypothesis, we investigated reflex responses(More)
While earlier studies of balloon angioplasty (BA) in patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction suggested high late mortality, a study directly comparing coronary stenting and BA has not been performed. Since stenting provides a more durable revascularization, we sought to compare long-term survival in patients undergoing stenting vs BA in patients(More)
BACKGROUND Partial reinnervation of cardiac sympathetic nerves has been observed after heart transplantation; we hypothesized that parasympathetic control to the heart after transplantation may return as well. To test this hypothesis, we examined heart rate responses produced by two cardiovascular reflexes whose efferent limbs are subserved by vagal fibers(More)
An angiographic study of eight patients with total occlusion of the left main coronary artery identified six patients with chronic occlusion and two with acute complete occlusion. In each of six patients, there were two to six different intercoronary collateral pathways. Altogether, a total of 13 specific collateral channels were recognized. One patient had(More)
Dobutamine infusion was performed in 16 patients following cardiac catheterization, and non-invasive assessment was performed with thallium SPECT and echocardiography. Dobutamine thallium scintigraphy was abnormal in 93% of patients with significant coronary artery disease. In addition, individual epicardial vessel involvement was identified by a(More)
Recent evidence suggests that late reperfusion of an occluded infarct-related artery after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may convey a better prognosis. The clinical outcome of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) as a means of mechanical reperfusion in this particular setting has not been clearly delineated. Ninety-seven patients with(More)
The effectiveness of intracoronary urokinase infusion as an adjunct to percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) was studied in 50 patients who underwent angioplasty for complex coronary narrowings or had thromboembolic complications during PTCA (29 [58%] men, 3 [6%] stable and 37 [74%] unstable angina, and 16 [32%] prior coronary bypass(More)