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A functional assessment of twelve patients after ankle arthrodesis for post-traumatic arthritis was carried out by means of an extensive clinical evaluation and gait analysis after an average follow-up of eight years. A weighted point system was developed to grade ankle function clinically. The data on gait analysis were examined to determine the effect of(More)
The continuous DNA sequence of a 16.5-kilobase pair region encompassing the linked delta beta-globin gene cluster in humans is presented with a detailed restriction endonuclease map. There are 38 differences (0.5%) in comparison with published sequence data, corrected for errors in sequencing, resulting in polymorphic rates of 0.2% in exons and 0.76% in(More)
The platelet membrane glycoprotein IIb X IIIa heterodimer complex (GPIIb X IIIa) is the platelet receptor for adhesive proteins, containing binding sites for fibrinogen, von Willebrand factor, and fibronectin on activated platelets. GPIIb X IIIa also appears to be a member of a family of membrane adhesive protein receptors that plays a major role in(More)
Regular red blood cell transfusions reduce the rate of recurrent cerebral infarction in sickle cell disease but lead to accumulation of excessive iron. We studied the effect on the prevention of recurrent stroke and the volume of blood transfused of a modified transfusion program in which the pretransfusion percentage of hemoglobin S (HbS) was maintained at(More)
We recently described a "non-random" sequencing procedure for DNA inserts in bacteriophage M13 using Bal 3 nuclease and the dideoxy chain termination method (Poncz, M., Solowiejczyk, D., Ballantine, M., Schwartz, E., and Surrey, S. (1982) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., in press). Using this procedure, we have determined the nucleotide sequence of a cloned(More)
We describe a rapid procedure for constructing cloned human genomic libraries from small amounts of peripheral blood. High molecular weight DNA is isolated from 5-20 ml peripheral blood, partially cleaved with Eco R1, and 8-22 kb fragments are cloned using bacteriophage Charon 4A and suitable E. coli host. Using the approach we have isolated and(More)
Deformable sickle erythrocytes have been reported by Mohandas and Evans to be more adherent to vascular endothelium than rigid irreversibly sickled cells (ISC). To define the clinical implications of this finding we have determined genetic, hematological, clinical, and rheological characteristics of sickle erythrocytes obtained from 65 patients with sickle(More)
Chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) is associated with osteopenia, increasing the prevalence of long-bone fractures. Although disuse may be the primary cause of osteopenia, identification of any additional mechanisms of bone loss may lead to potential therapeutic interventions. We investigated the relationships of serum calcium (Ca), phosphorus (PO4), albumin,(More)
Stroke is a relatively frequent and severe complication of sickle cell disease. We performed cerebral arteriograms in 30 patients with sickle cell disease to evaluate the cause of acute neurologic deficits and to assess the effects of transfusion therapy given for a year or more after the acute episode. Twenty-three patients with motor and speech deficits(More)
Whole blood samples of patients with various forms of alpha thalassemia including hemoglobin H disease, alpha thalassemia trait, and the "silent carrier" state were incubated with leucine-(14)C for definition of relative rates of production of alpha and beta chains in these disorders. The chains were separated by carboxymethyl cellulose chromatography in(More)