Learn More
Stress or heat shock proteins (HSPs) are the most conserved proteins present in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Their expression is induced in response to a wide variety of physiological and environmental insults. These proteins play an essential role as molecular chaperones by assisting the correct folding of nascent and stress-accumulated misfolded(More)
Tissue homeostasis requires a carefully-orchestrated balance between cell proliferation, cellular senescence and cell death. Cells proliferate through a cell cycle that is tightly regulated by cyclin-dependent kinase activities. Cellular senescence is a safeguard program limiting the proliferative competence of cells in living organisms. Apoptosis(More)
Aurora-A protein kinase, which is the product of an oncogene, is required for the assembly of a functional mitotic apparatus and the regulation of cell ploidy. Overexpression of Aurora-A in tumour cells has been correlated with cancer susceptibility and poor prognosis. Aurora-A activity is required for the recruitment of CDK1-cyclin B1 to the centrosome(More)
CDC25B is one of the three human phosphatases that activate the CDK-cyclin complexes, thereby triggering cell-cycle progression and division. Commitment to early mitotic events depends on the activation of a centrosomal pool of CDK1-cyclin-B1, and CDC25B is thought to be involved in initiating this centrosomal CDK1-cyclin-B1 activity. Centrosome-associated(More)
CDC25B is one of the three human dual-specificity phosphatases involved in the activation of cyclin-dependent kinases at key stages of the cell division cycle. CDC25B that is responsible for the activation of CDK1-cyclin B1 is regulated by phosphorylation. The STK15/Aurora-A kinase locally phosphorylates CDC25B on serine 353 at the centrosome during the(More)
CDC25 phosphatases control cell-cycle progression by dephosphorylating and activating cyclin-dependent kinases. CDC25B, one of the three members of this family in human cells, is thought to regulate initial mitotic events. CDC25B is an unstable protein whose proteasomal degradation is proposed to be controlled by beta-TrCP. Here, we have investigated the(More)
Stable transfected human p53 (mt/mt) B lymphoma Namalwa variant lines showing differential expression of the Bax-alpha protein were derived under hygromycin selection. Overexpression of Bax-alpha in these variant cells accelerates cell death induced by short or continuous treatments with various concentrations of camptothecin, etoposide, vinblastine and(More)
In response to cancer chemotherapeutic drugs, cells rapidly trigger the apoptotic program or undergo growth arrest and senescence at specific phases of the cell cycle. Mitochondrial bcl-xL plays a central role in preventing alteration of mitochondrial dysfunction, cytochrome c release, caspase activation, DNA fragmentation and apoptosis. However, its(More)
Centrosomes function primarily as microtubule-organizing centres and play a crucial role during mitosis by organizing the bipolar spindle. In addition to this function, centrosomes act as reaction centers where numerous key regulators meet to control cell cycle progression. One of these factors involved in genome stability, the checkpoint kinase CHK2, was(More)
Graft versus host disease (GvHD), which is the primary complication of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, can alter the intestinal barrier targeted by activated donor T-cells. Chemical inhibition of the stress protein HSP90 was demonstrated in vitro to inhibit T-cell activation and to modulate endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress to which intestinal cells(More)