E Schönbrunn

Learn More
The dimeric form of the kinesin motor and neck domain from rat brain with bound ADP has been solved by X-ray crystallography. The two heads of the dimer are connected via a coiled-coil alpha-helical interaction of their necks. They are broadly similar to one another; differences are most apparent in the head-neck junction and in a moderate reorientation of(More)
Biosynthesis of aromatic amino acids in plants, many bacteria, and microbes relies on the enzyme 5-enolpyruvylshikimate 3-phosphate (EPSP) synthase, a prime target for drugs and herbicides. We have identified the interaction of EPSP synthase with one of its two substrates (shikimate 3-phosphate) and with the widely used herbicide glyphosate by x-ray(More)
Crystals of the single-headed and double-headed kinesin motor domains of Rattus norvegicus have been grown by vapor diffusion using ammonium sulfate as the precipitant. Both crystal systems belong to the orthorhombic space group P2(1)2(1)2(1). Double-headed kinesin crystallized with unit cell constants of a = 72.2 A, b = 91.9 A, and c = 141.7 A, and so far(More)
BACKGROUND The ever increasing number of antibiotic resistant bacteria has fuelled interest in the development of new antibiotics and other antibacterial agents. The major structural element of the bacterial cell wall is the heteropolymer peptidoglycan and the enzymes of peptidoglycan biosynthesis are potential targets for antibacterial agents. One such(More)
Chorismate synthase (EC catalyses the conversion of 5-enolpyruvylshikimate 3-phosphate (EPSP) into chorismate, and requires reduced FMN as a cofactor. The enzyme can bind first oxidized FMN and then EPSP to form a stable ternary complex which does not undergo turnover. This complex can be considered to be a model of the ternary complex between(More)
The induced-fit mechanism in Enterobacter cloacae MurA has been investigated by kinetic studies and X-ray crystallography. The antibiotic fosfomycin, an irreversible inhibitor of MurA, induced a structural change in UDP-N-acetylglucosamine (UDPGlcNAc)-liganded enzyme with a time dependence similar to that observed for the inactivation progress. The(More)
MurA, an essential enzyme for the synthesis of the bacterial cell wall, follows an induced-fit mechanism. Upon substrate binding, the active site forms in the interdomain cleft, involving movements of the two domains of the protein and a reorientation of the loop Pro112-Pro121. We compare two structures of un-liganded MurA from Enterobacter cloacae: a new(More)
The interaction of the anti-cancer drug podophyllotoxin with a high-molecular-weight assembly of tubulin has been employed to produce three-dimensional crystals from avian erythrocyte tubulin as well as from pig brain tubulin. Avian erythrocyte tubulin crystals belong to the space group C2 with unit cell dimensions a = 740 A, b = 330 A, c = 460 A, beta =(More)
Single crystals of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine enolpyruvyltransferase of Enterobacter cloacae have been grown by vapor diffusion using phosphate buffer as the precipitant. The crystals belong to the monoclinic space group C2 with a = 86.9 A, b = 155.9 A, c = 83.8 A, beta = 91.6 degrees. Assuming two monomers per asymmetric unit, the solvent content of these(More)
The enzyme UDP-N-acetylglucosamine (UDP-GlcNAc) enolpyruvyltransferase (MurA), the target of the antibiotic fosfomycin, was investigated by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and fluorescence spectroscopy to detect conformational changes that had been proposed on the basis of the crystal structure of unliganded and liganded MurA. The SAXS data indicate(More)
  • 1