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In a prospective study, antiepileptic drugs were discontinued in 264 children with epilepsy after a mean seizure-free interval of 2.9 years. They were then followed for a mean of 58 months to ascertain whether seizures recurred. Seizures recurred in 95 (36%) of the children. Etiology was a significant predictor of outcome (relative risk [RR] = 1.81). On(More)
This chapter addresses the characteristics and spatial distribution of intracellular potentials, the spread of paroxysmal depolarization shifts (PDSs) through the cortex, the extracellular field potentials in three dimensions, and the concentrations of penicillin in direct contact with elements in the epileptogenic focus. Data are presented that show that(More)
The minimal concentrations of penicillin which induce stable recurrent spikes (20,000 U/ml) and which elicit stable recurrent after-discharges (100,000 U/ml) were determined. A quantitative study of the inter-relationships, variability and changes with time of a number of spike parameters (spike latency, spike amplitude, amplitude of prepositivity, spike(More)
In a prospective study, 283 children who presented with a first unprovoked seizure were followed for a mean of 30 months from the time of first seizure. Subsequent seizures were experienced by 101 children (36%). The cumulative risk of seizure recurrence for the entire study group was 26% at 12 months, 36% at 24 months, 40% at 36 months, and 42% at 48(More)
Human beings with partial epilepsy and demonstrable cerebral lesions show, in addition to ipsilateral epileptiform EEG discharges, apparently independent epileptiform discharges from the opposite hemisphere. Patients with apparent unilateral focal onset of their partial seizures but without demonstrable lesions also frequently display what appear to be(More)
We examined EEG findings from an ongoing study of 347 children with a first unprovoked seizure. EEGs were available in 321 (93%), and 135 (42%) had an abnormal EEG. EEG abnormalities included focal spikes (n = 77), generalized spike and wave discharges (n = 28), slowing (n = 43), and nonspecific abnormalities (n = 7). Abnormal EEGs were more common in(More)
An EEG epileptiform spike focus recorded with scalp electrodes is clinically localized by visual estimation of the point of maximal voltage and the distribution of its surrounding voltages. We compared such estimated voltage maps, drawn by experienced electroencephalographers (EEGers), with a computerized spline interpolation technique employed in the(More)