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Most strains of Helicobacter pylori from patients with peptic ulcer disease or intestinal-type gastric cancer carry cagA, a gene that encodes an immunodominant protein of unknown function, whereas many of the strains from asymptomatically infected persons lack this gene. Recent studies showed that the cagA gene lies near the right end of a approximately(More)
Corynebacterium diphtheriae and Corynebacterium ulcerans use haemin and haemoglobin as essential sources of iron during growth in iron-depleted medium. C. diphtheriae and C. ulcerans mutants defective in haemin iron utilization were isolated and characterized. Four clones from a C. diphtheriae genomic library complemented several of the Corynebacteria(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS There is no generally accepted model for Helicobacter pylori infection in humans. The aim of this study was to examine the natural history and effect of treatment in rhesus monkeys and sequentially define the immune response to H. pylori in relation to treatment. METHODS Infection and gastritis were graded blindly by histological analysis(More)
Genes encoding an ATP-binding cassette transporter system involved in hemin iron utilization from Corynebacterium ulcerans were cloned and characterized. The genes are homologous to a hemin transport system previously identified in Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Disruption of the hmuT gene, which encodes the putative hemin receptor, resulted in greatly(More)
To evaluate host responses, young goats were inoculated subcutaneously with a genetic deletion mutant (deltapurE201) of Brucella melitensis (n = 6), its virulent parental strain 16M (n = 6), or saline (n = 6). No clinical evidence of brucellosis was seen in any goat. Serum antibody titers peaked at postinoculation day (PID) 14. Bacteria in lymph nodes that(More)
We previously showed that a purE mutant (delta purE201) of Brucella melitensis 16M is attenuated for growth in cultured human monocytes (E. S. Drazek, H. H. Houng, R. M. Crawford, T. L. Hadfield, D. L. Hoover, and R. L. Warren, Infect. Immun. 63:3297-3301, 1995). To determine if this strain is attenuated in animals, we compared the growth of the delta(More)
We characterized 38 Helicobacter isolates, including 22 from gastric biopsy samples obtained from 14 rhesus monkeys and single isolates from 16 monkeys in a different colony. Biochemical profiles of these isolates were nearly identical to that of Helicobacter pylori ATCC 43504. Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis indicated that each(More)
We constructed a defined purine-auxotrophic mutant of Brucella melitensis 16M by chromosomal gene replacement. We electroporated B. melitensis 16M with suicide plasmids containing a kanamycin resistance cassette that replaced 226 bp at the carboxyl end of purE, the intergenic region, and 18 bases of the purK open reading frame. Recombinant B. melitensis(More)
The gonococcal lsi-6 locus was cloned and shown by DNA sequence analysis to have homology with the E. coli rfaD gene, which encodes ADP-L-glycero-D-mannoheptose epimerase. This enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of the lipopolysaccharide precursor ADP-L-glycero-D-mannoheptose. A site-directed frameshift mutation in lsi-6 was constructed by PCR(More)
The response to a Brucella melitensis purEK deletion mutant, delta purE201 (referred to as strain 201), was compared with the response to its parental strain, 16M, in juvenile goats. Proliferative responses to gamma-irradiated bacteria were detected earlier in strain 201-infected goats. Lymphocytes from strain 16M- or 201-infected goats proliferated in(More)