E Roland Menzel

Learn More
Some field tests in counter-terrorism efforts to detect explosive traces employ chemistries that yield colored products. We have examined a test kit of this kind, ETK(Plus), based on widely used chemistries and employed extensively by the Israel Police. Our investigation focuses on the prospect of gaining sensitivity by replacing the normal colorimetric(More)
We report a photoluminescence-based field method for detecting traces of explosives. In its standard version, the method utilizes a commercially available color spot test kit for treating explosive traces on filter paper after swabbing. The colored products are fluorescent under illumination with a laser that operates on three C-size flashlight batteries(More)
Photoluminescence detection of latent fingerprints has over the last quarter century brought about a new level of fingerprint detection sensitivity. The current state of the art is briefly reviewed to set the stage for upcoming new fingerprint processing strategies. These are designed for suppression of background fluorescence from articles holding latent(More)
A simple procedure for the preparation of dusting powders with a variety of fluorescent colors is described. Such powders permit detection of latent prints by laser even when the surfaces holding the latent prints luminesce strongly. A possible portable laser detection system is also suggested.
Lyophilized Sigma Type III trypsin has been applied to latent prints two weeks to two months old. This trypsin preparation eliminates the background problems that had been encountered with old prints in a previous study. Zinc chloride treatment of latent prints previously exposed to ninhydrin enhances their detectability upon laser examination. However, it(More)
We explore the detection of vapors of diisopropylfluorophosphate, a model compound for nerve agents such as Sarin, by means of photoluminescence quenching of filter paper impregnated with sensitized complexes of lanthanides, involving thenoyltrifluoroacetone and 1,10-phenanthroline as sensitizing ligands. We find that the presence of the fluorophosphate(More)
The reaction products of 1,2-indanedione (a new fluorescent fingerprint reagent) with glycine in methanol, at room temperature have been studied using excitation and emission and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC/MS) has also been used to determine which compounds are formed. Reaction products were identified(More)
Lanthanide complexes are employed in photoluminescence detection of fingerprints because their long luminescence lifetimes allow use of time-resolved imaging techniques to suppress problematic background fluorescence. To date, however, these complexes have been unsuccessful when used in developing old fingerprints on porous substrates. SYPRO Rose Plus(More)