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A novel gene was identified recently at chromosome 10q23, named PTEN or MMAC1, and based on several criteria it was designated as a potential human tumor suppressor gene. Loss of heterozygosity affecting this region of 10q is observed in several cancer types, especially glioblastoma, and inactivating mutations of the PTEN/MMAC1 gene are found in some of(More)
In recent years, significant effort has been made to identify genes that influence breast cancer risk. Because the high-penetrance breast cancer susceptibility genes BRCA1 and 2 play a role only in a small fraction of breast cancer cases, understanding the genetic risk of the majority of breast cancers will require the identification and analysis of several(More)
Early detection is an effective means of reducing cancer mortality. Here, we describe a highly sensitive high-throughput screen that can identify panels of markers for the early detection of solid tumor cells disseminated in peripheral blood. The method is a two-step combination of differential display and high-sensitivity cDNA arrays. In a primary screen,(More)
Hereditary ovarian cancers associated with germline mutations in either BRCA1 or BRCA2 were studied to determine whether somatic mutation of the P53 gene is required for BRCA-linked ovarian tumorigenesis and further, whether the spectrum of additional somatic molecular genetic alterations present in these tumors differs from that known to exist in sporadic(More)
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