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BACKGROUND Alveolar echinococcosis is a rare disorder, which makes a comparison of different treatment modalities within a clinical trial difficult to perform. Data prospectively recorded over a period of 25 years were used to evaluate three therapeutic strategies: benzimidazole therapy alone, complete 'curative' resection followed by 2 years of adjuvant(More)
Amiloride-sensitive Na+-H+ exchange has been identified in basolateral membrane vesicles from rat liver, but little is currently known about its regulation or its role in maintenance of resting intracellular pH (pHi) in intact hepatocytes. We have assessed Na+-H+ exchange activity in isolated or cultured rat hepatocytes in nominally HCO3- free solution(More)
Health regulatory approval of the 1.5 microg/kg body weight dose of pegylated interferon (PEG-I) alpha-2b in combination with ribavirin for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C was based on a study using PEG-I alpha-2b at doses of only 0.5 and 1.5 microg/kg body weight (BW), in spite of the previously shown flat dose-response curve at doses of > or =1.0(More)
The effects of liver disease on caffeine plasma clearance (Cl) and on exhalation of 14CO2 following i.v. injection of 2 mu Ci of [3-methyl-14C]caffeine together with 125 mg of the unlabeled compound were measured in 15 patients with cirrhosis, 11 subjects with miscellaneous liver disease, and 10 normal volunteers. Compared to mean values for Cl (2.02 +/-(More)
The chimeric anti-TNF antibody Remicade (Infliximab) has recently been approved for human use by the FDA and is now available on the market. Since there is considerable interest in this kind of treatment among patients with Crohn's disease, an international working group has summarized the presently available information about efficacy, side effects and(More)
In clinical practice, the seriousness of liver disease is assessed based on the combined information from clinical examination, routine biochemical tests, and liver histology. Recently, the assessment of hepatic lidocaine metabolism has been proposed as a quantitative liver function test offering valuable additional information. To evaluate whether this new(More)
BACKGROUND In 2002, the New York State Committee on Quality Improvement in Living Liver Donation prohibited live liver donation for potential recipients with Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) scores greater than 25. Despite the paucity of evidence to support this recommendation, many centers in North America remain reluctant to offer living donor(More)
INTRODUCTION Long-term biliary complications after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) are not well described in the literature. This study was undertaken to determine the long-term impact of biliary complications after adult right-lobe LDLT. METHODS This retrospective review analyzed an 11-yr experience of 344 consecutive right-lobe LDLTs with at(More)
Many centers require a minimal graft to body weight ratio (GBWR) >or= 0.8 as an arbitrary threshold to proceed with right-lobe living donor liver transplantation (RL-LDLT), and there is often hesitancy about transplanting lower volume living donor (LD) liver grafts into sicker patients. The data supporting this dogma, based on the early experience with(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with decreased health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Although HCV has been suggested to directly impair neuropsychiatric functions, other factors may also play a role. PATIENTS AND METHODS In this cross-sectional study, we assessed the impact of various host-, disease- and virus-related factors(More)