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The cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10) has shown promise in clinical trials for treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Using two mouse models, we show that the therapeutic dose of IL-10 can be reduced by localized delivery of a bacterium genetically engineered to secrete the cytokine. Intragastric administration of IL-10-secreting Lactococcus lactis(More)
Secretion of functional recombinant murine interleukin-2 (mIL2) by Lactococcus lactis was achieved by fusion of the sequence encoding mature mIL2 to the secretion signal leader of the lactococcal usp45 gene placed under transcriptional control of the phage T7 promoter-T7 RNA polymerase expression system. The recombinant mature mIL2 was one of only a few(More)
Lactococcus lactis is a nonpathogenic and noncolonizing bacterium which is being developed as a vaccine delivery vehicle for immunization by mucosal routes. To determine whether lactococci can also deliver cytokines to the immune system, we have constructed novel constitutive expression strains of L. lactis which accumulate a test antigen, tetanus toxin(More)
One of the more efficient systems for high-level expression of cloned genes in Escherichia coli makes use of a phage T7 late promoter whose activity depends on a regulatable transcription unit supplying the specific T7 RNA polymerase. Using various T7 RNA polymerase/T7 promoter-based vector host systems with differential control on expression of the T7 RNA(More)
Two multiple-copy, ColE1-type, plasmid cloning vehicles, pHUB2 and pHUB4, have been constructed that carry four different single restriction sites down-stream from the phage lambda promoter pL. The promoting activity of pL is switched off at low temperature in the presence of a cIts gene that specifies a temperature-sensitive repressor but could be(More)
Genetic manipulation of Antarctic bacteria has been very limited so far. This article reports the isolation and molecular characterization of a novel plasmid, pMtBL, from the Antarctic gram-negative bacterium Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis TAC 125. This genetic element, 4,081 bp long, appeared to be a multicopy cryptic replicon with no detectable(More)
We describe the production of soluble murine interleukin-2 (mIL2) and its purification following regulated release in the growth medium of Escherichia coli. The system is based on the ability of the Kil protein of pMB9 to release periplasmic proteins into the growth medium. As the kil gene is under control of the strong, but well regulatable pL promoter,(More)
The coat protein of the small RNA virus MS2 shows charge heterogeneity in vivo. In most strains there is a basic satellite of the native protein. We have shown that this basic satellite is greatly diminished or absent in strains with the streptomycin-resistant allele, rpsL, a mutation which leads to increased translational accuracy. Further, the satellite(More)