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Lactococcus lactis is a nonpathogenic and noncolonizing bacterium which is being developed as a vaccine delivery vehicle for immunization by mucosal routes. To determine whether lactococci can also deliver cytokines to the immune system, we have constructed novel constitutive expression strains of L. lactis which accumulate a test antigen, tetanus toxin(More)
Secretion of functional recombinant murine interleukin-2 (mIL2) by Lactococcus lactis was achieved by fusion of the sequence encoding mature mIL2 to the secretion signal leader of the lactococcal usp45 gene placed under transcriptional control of the phage T7 promoter-T7 RNA polymerase expression system. The recombinant mature mIL2 was one of only a few(More)
One of the more efficient systems for high-level expression of cloned genes in Escherichia coli makes use of a phage T7 late promoter whose activity depends on a regulatable transcription unit supplying the specific T7 RNA polymerase. Using various T7 RNA polymerase/T7 promoter-based vector host systems with differential control on expression of the T7 RNA(More)
We describe the production of soluble murine interleukin-2 (mIL2) and its purification following regulated release in the growth medium of Escherichia coli. The system is based on the ability of the Kil protein of pMB9 to release periplasmic proteins into the growth medium. As the kil gene is under control of the strong, but well regulatable pL promoter,(More)
The cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10) has shown promise in clinical trials for treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Using two mouse models, we show that the therapeutic dose of IL-10 can be reduced by localized delivery of a bacterium genetically engineered to secrete the cytokine. Intragastric administration of IL-10-secreting Lactococcus lactis(More)
Genetically modified Lactococcus lactis secreting interleukin 10 provides a therapeutic approach for inflammatory bowel disease. However, the release of such genetically modified organisms through clinical use raises safety concerns. In an effort to address this problem, we replaced the thymidylate synthase gene thyA of L. lactis with a synthetic human IL10(More)
OBJECTIVE The advent of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-blocking drugs has provided rheumatologists with an effective, but highly expensive, treatment for the management of established rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Our aim was to explore preclinically the application of camelid anti-TNF VHH proteins, which are single-domain antigen binding (VHH) proteins(More)
In this study, we showed that the cell wall anchor of protein A from Staphylococcus aureus is functional in the food-grade organism Lactococcus lactis. A fusion protein composed of the lactococcal Usp45 secretion signal peptide, streptavidin monomer, and the S. aureus protein A anchor became covalently attached to the peptidoglycan when expressed in L.(More)