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Deletion mutagenesis experiments have demonstrated that the binding site of the beta-adrenergic receptor involves the hydrophobic core of the protein (Dixon, R. A. F., Sigal, I. S., Rands, E., Register, R. B., Candelore, M. R., Blake, A. D., and Strader, C. D. (1987) Nature 326, 73-77). Single amino acid replacements for the conserved Asp79 and Asp113(More)
The adenylate cyclase system, which consists of a catalytic moiety and regulatory guanine nucleotide-binding proteins, provides the effector mechanism for the intracellular actions of many hormones and drugs. The tissue specificity of the system is determined by the particular receptors that a cell expresses. Of the many receptors known to modulate(More)
Leukotrienes, the biologically active metabolites of arachidonic acid, have been implicated in a variety of inflammatory responses, including asthma, arthritis and psoriasis. Recently a compound, MK-886, has been described that blocks the synthesis of leukotrienes in intact activated leukocytes, but has little or no effect on enzymes involved in leukotriene(More)
Farnesyl:protein transferase (FPTase) inhibitors (FTIs) were originally developed as potential anticancer agents targeting the ras oncogene and are currently in clinical trials. Whereas FTIs inhibit the farnesylation of Ha-Ras, they do not completely inhibit the prenylation of Ki-Ras, the allele most frequently mutated in human cancers. Whereas(More)
Recently the genes for several hormone receptors that interact with guanine nucleotide binding proteins (G proteins) have been cloned, including the hamster beta 2-adrenergic receptor (beta 2AR), a human beta AR, the turkey erythrocyte beta AR and the porcine muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (MAR). All these receptors share some amino-acid homology with(More)
For Ras oncoproteins to transform mammalian cells, they must be posttranslationally modified with a farnesyl group in a reaction catalyzed by the enzyme farnesyl:protein transferase (FPTase). Inhibitors of FPTase have therefore been developed as potential anticancer agents. These compounds reverse many of the malignant phenotypes of Ras-transformed cells in(More)
The structural basis for agonist-mediated sequestration and desensitization of the beta-adrenergic receptor (beta AR) was examined by oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis of the hamster beta AR gene and expression of the mutant genes in mouse L cells. Treatment of these cells with the agonist isoproterenol corresponded to a desensitization of beta AR(More)
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