E. Rabischong

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Abstract Objective. We examined in rabbits the effects of more than 48 h of mechanical ventilation on the contractile properties and fiber type adaptations of the respiratory muscles. Design and setting. Experimental prospective study in a university laboratory. Animals and interventions. Nineteen rabbits were randomly allocated to two groups: control(More)
The creation of muscle fatigue using surface electrical stimulation represents a highly reproducible phenomenon in spinal cord injured patients. The torque output was recorded as a function of time. The fatigue curves recorded over 110s exhibited three main parts: first, a plateau of short duration, followed by a more or less steep slope and then a second(More)
We recorded in 15 complete paraplegic patients the torque output and the surface action potentials (SAP) produced by the electrically stimulated quadriceps muscle during an isometric contraction lasting 126 s. We studied the evolution during the test of the peak to peak amplitude, the latency from the onset of stimulation, the rising time to peak, the peak(More)
Pathophysiology of the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome shows three components: intra and peripharyngeal obstacles, excessive pharyngeal wall compliance and upper airway dilator muscle dysfunction. The intent of this paper is to provide an overview of the anatomy, histology, physiology and pathophysiology of the upper airway dilator muscles based on(More)
In order to assess the effects of FES on muscle output, chronic electrical stimulation of the quadriceps muscle was applied for half an hour twice a day for 2 months, in 10 thoracic level traumatic paraplegic patients. Results concerning torque (at 6 different muscle lengths) and fatigue were measured using a strain gauge transducer in isometric condition,(More)
We studied muscle fatigue in 19 paraplegic patients during an isometric sustained contraction. Both quadriceps (n = 38) were maximally stimulated for 126 s. We defined a nonlinear equation with four coefficients to fit the data and extract fatigue indices carrying information on the amount (asymptotic values, torque coordinate at the inflection point, total(More)
In nine paraplegic patients we recorded the torque output and compound motor action potentials (CMAPs) produced by the quadriceps muscle during an isometric contraction elicited by electrical stimulation. The torque, the peak to peak amplitude, the latency, the peak to peak duration and the total surface of the rectified CMAPs were computed over a period of(More)
We assessed the length-tension relationship of the posterior deltoid to triceps transfer in 8 tetraplegics (n = 11 transfers) and compared the results to the length-tension relationship of the normal triceps measured in a check sample composed of 9 able bodied, right handed women. We designed a device to lock the arm and forearm and used a force transducer(More)
Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) is a controlled use of electrical stimulation of muscle contractions to obtain function. FES is utilised today in the treatment of spinal cord injured individuals for diaphragmatic pacing, bladder and bowel management, ejaculation, walking and hand function, as well as conditioning. We present The Freehand System,(More)