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Contamination of food and feedstuffs by Aspergillus species and their toxic metabolites is a serious problem as they have adverse effects on human and animal health. Hence, food contamination monitoring is an important activity, which gives information on the level and type of contamination. A PCR-based method of detection of Aspergillus species was(More)
Subacute doses (1/20 LD50) of aflatoxin B1 and ochratoxin A were fed to weanling albino rats individually and in combination for 36 weeks and then rats were maintained on toxin free normal diet for a period of 24 weeks. Livers of rats were fatty, wherever aflatoxin was administered but the enzyme activity did not show significant differences among various(More)
Pediococcus pentosaceus was selected from isolates obtained from the naturally fermenting bitter gourd and fenugreek leaves based on its high titre and broad spectrum of inhibitory activity against spoilage organisms. This strain was then employed for fermentation of bitter gourd and fenugreek which resulted in a more acceptable product having enhanced fat,(More)
Aspergillus niger or Aspergillus tamarii when grown as mixed cultures with toxigenic A. flavus inhibits biosynthesis of aflatoxin by A. flavus, owing primarily to its ability to produce inhibitors of aflatoxin biosynthesis and to their ability to degrade aflatoxin. Gluconic acid partly prevents aflatoxin production. The other factors such as changes in pH(More)
AIMS The work was carried out to develop an immunoassay for estimation of Aspergillus ochraceus biomass on solid substrate. METHODS AND RESULTS An indirect noncompetitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed for determination of fungal biomass in food commodities using antibody raised against A. ochraceus mycelial antigen. The(More)
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