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Using genome-wide data from 253,288 individuals, we identified 697 variants at genome-wide significance that together explained one-fifth of the heritability for adult height. By testing different numbers of variants in independent studies, we show that the most strongly associated ∼2,000, ∼3,700 and ∼9,500 SNPs explained ∼21%, ∼24% and ∼29% of phenotypic(More)
The identification of the molecular mechanisms involved in nicotine addiction and its cognitive consequences is a worldwide priority for public health. Novel in vivo paradigms were developed to match this aim. Although the beta2 subunit of the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) has been shown to play a crucial role in mediating the(More)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex and still poorly understood process. This review examines current theories regarding the development of PCOS and focuses on the physiologic processes involved in the pubertal and adolescent period and their relationship with pathogenesis of PCOS.
The success of human oocyte cryopreservation depends on morphological and biophysical factors that could influence oocyte survival after thawing. Various attempts to cryopreserve human oocytes have been performed with contrasting results. Therefore the effect of some factors, such as the presence or absence of the cumulus oophorus, the sucrose concentration(More)
Over the past decade, the number of reported live births resulting from oocyte cryopreservation has rapidly increased. To appreciate the true number of children born, verified live births were tabulated and assessed. A literature search was performed; authors were then contacted to verify birth outcomes and provide updates. A database including all verified(More)
Genetic variation within the male-specific portion of the Y chromosome (MSY) can clarify the origins of contemporary populations, but previous studies were hampered by partial genetic information. Population sequencing of 1204 Sardinian males identified 11,763 MSY single-nucleotide polymorphisms, 6751 of which have not previously been observed. We(More)
Platelets are the second most abundant cell type in blood and are essential for maintaining haemostasis. Their count and volume are tightly controlled within narrow physiological ranges, but there is only limited understanding of the molecular processes controlling both traits. Here we carried out a high-powered meta-analysis of genome-wide association(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the first birth achieved after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) of cryopreserved human oocytes. DESIGN Case report. SETTING University of Bologna Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reproductive Endocrinology Unit, IVF and Infertility Center. PATIENT(S) One patient undergoing IVF. INTERVENTION(S)(More)
A genome-wide association scan of approximately 6.6 million genotyped or imputed variants in 882 Sardinian individuals with multiple sclerosis (cases) and 872 controls suggested association of CBLB gene variants with disease, which was confirmed in 1,775 cases and 2,005 controls (rs9657904, overall P = 1.60 x 10(-10), OR = 1.40). CBLB encodes a negative(More)
The complex network of specialized cells and molecules in the immune system has evolved to defend against pathogens, but inadvertent immune system attacks on "self" result in autoimmune disease. Both genetic regulation of immune cell levels and their relationships with autoimmunity are largely undetermined. Here, we report genetic contributions to(More)