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It has been reported that myofibroblasts contain actin and that Ito cells are positive for desmin. The distribution of desmin and actin detected by immunofluorescence, of vitamin A autofluorescence and of Sudan III staining of lipid droplets has been evaluated in sequential stages of experimental liver fibrosis induced in rats by intraperitoneal injections(More)
The galactose elimination capacity, a measure of the functional liver cell mass, and liver volume were measured in 50 normal subjects of five different age groups (less than 50, 51 to 60, 61 to 70, 71 to 80 and greater than 81 years). The volume of the liver was evaluated by ultrasonography. All subjects had normal routine liver function tests and no(More)
Blood flow in the splanchnic veins was studied in cirrhotics and matched controls by means of a system that combines a mechanical sector scanner with a pulsed Doppler. The measurements were validated in an in vitro model. Echo-doppler studies could be carried out reproducibly in only approximately two-thirds of cases because of poor echo transmission or(More)
The prognostic value of portal hemodynamics, measured by pulsed echo-Doppler, was prospectively evaluated, together with clinical, biochemical and endoscopic parameters, in a series of 50 consecutive patients with compensated cirrhosis. After a mean follow-up of 6 years, 25 patients had died, all from complications of liver disease. Among conventional(More)
Cardiac conducting tissue antibodies (CCTA) were detected, using indirect immunofluorescence, in 8 (25%) out of 32 sera from patients with progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS) and in 39 (35%) out of 110 with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Conduction abnormalities, namely right bundle branch block, were present in 19 (59%) of the PSS patients and in 37 (32%) of(More)
The prevalence of antibodies to cardiac conducting tissue and cardiac conduction electrocardiographic abnormalities were studied in 60 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Complete or incomplete right bundle branch block (RBBB) was found in 21 patients (35%). Antibodies to cardiac conducting tissue were found in 16 (76%) of the 21 with RBBB and in eight(More)
Ultrasonography and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy were prospectively used to study 100 consecutive patients with liver cirrhosis. After a period of 20 months to 55 months, 21 patients had died, 23 were lost at follow-up, and 56 patients were reevaluated. In the patients who died during follow-up, the entry liver volume, measured by means of the hepatic(More)
An impaired transsulphuration pathway has been described in patients with liver cirrhosis. The defective metabolic step is located at the site of S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAMe) formation from methionine. In a placebo-controlled study, we measured the fasting plasma levels of sulphur-containing amino-acids in cirrhotic patients with hypermethioninemia and/or(More)
A method is described to calculate liver volume at US using real-time equipment. The method is based on the measurement of the 3 maximum diameters of the liver. Equations were derived by correlation vs CT volume measurement using the 3 diameters (multiple regression) or their product (simple regression) as independent variables in 20 subjects with and(More)
The competition of free fatty acids and bilirubin in the binding of tryptophan to albumin was studied in 12 controls and 36 cirrhotics at various stages of hepatic encephalopathy. Total tryptophan was not significantly altered in cirrhotics, while free tryptophan progressively increased with the deterioration of their mental state. Bound tryptophan levels(More)