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OBJECTIVES To explore the full range of right heart dimensions and the impact of long-term intensive training in athletes. BACKGROUND Although echocardiography has been widely used to distinguish the athlete's heart from pathologic left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, only few reports have described right ventricular (RV) and right atrial (RA) adaptations(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to define the range of left ventricular (LV) velocities and deformation indexes in highly trained athletes, analyzing potential differences induced by different long-term training protocols. METHODS Standard echocardiography, pulsed-wave tissue Doppler echocardiography, and two-dimensional strain echocardiography of(More)
OBJECTIVES To detect right ventricular myocardial function in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) using two-dimensional strain echocardiography (2DSE) and to evaluate the relationship between right ventricular dysfunction and response to cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET). METHODS Seventy-five DCM patients (44 idiopathic and 31 ischemic) without clinical signs(More)
BACKGROUND Aim of the present study was to analyze both left (LV) and right ventricular (RV) myocardial function in patients with Systemic Sclerosis (SSc), and their relation to other instrumental features of the disease. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-five healthy subjects and 23 age- and sex-comparable asymptomatic patients classified as having either(More)
Non-invasive Doppler ultrasonographic study of cerebral arteries [transcranial Doppler (TCD)] has been extensively applied on both outpatient and inpatient settings. It is performed placing a low-frequency (≤ 2 MHz) transducer on the scalp of the patient over specific acoustic windows, in order to visualize the intracranial arterial vessels and to evaluate(More)
Wireless capsule endoscopy is a new endoscopic tool for the diagnosis and management of small bowel diseases. The main indication at present is the evaluation of GI bleeding of obscure origin, Crohn’s disease, coeliac disease and small bowel tumors. Studies suggest that capsule endoscopy is associated with few adverse events. Whether cardiac pacemaker may(More)
Transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasonography is a noninvasive ultrasound study, which has been extensively applied on both outpatient and inpatient settings. It involves the use of a low-frequency (≤2 MHz) transducer, placed on the scalp, to insonate the basal cerebral arteries through relatively thin bone windows and to measure the cerebral blood flow(More)
Transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasonography is a noninvasive ultrasound study, which has been extensively applied in both outpatient and inpatient settings. Its main use in current clinical practice is the research for "Paradoxical Embolism," due to migration of thromboembolic material from systemic venous circulation to the left cardiac chambers and(More)
Several studies have described the adaptive remodeling of the heart during exercise. In some more practiced endurance athletes, there is a disproportionate load on the right ventricle (RV), at least during exercise, and this might be the basis for a chronic pro-arrhythmic RV remodeling. Especially, in these kinds of athletes the recovery after detraining(More)
Cardiac changes in athletes involve the left ventricle and atrium. Mild left atrial enlargement is common among competitive athletes, possibly a physiologic adaptation to exercise conditioning. The prevalence of this remodeling and the association with supraventricular arrhythmias has not been systematically addressed. Echocardiography screens for patients(More)