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Alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) is a 140-amino acid presinaptic protein whose mutations A30P and A53T have been linked to familiar Parkinson's disease (PD). Many data suggest that alpha-syn aggregation is the key event that triggers alpha-syn-mediated neurotoxicity. Nevertheless, other lines of evidence proposed a protective role of alpha-syn against oxidative(More)
CONTEXT The two main subtypes of pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP), PHP-Ia and -Ib, are caused by mutations in GNAS exons 1-13 and methylation defects in the imprinted GNAS cluster, respectively. PHP-Ia patients show Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO) and resistance toward PTH and additional hormones, whereas PHP-Ib patients do not have AHO, and hormone(More)
The study investigated the effects of the dopamine-somatostatin chimeric compound BIM-23A760 on cell proliferation and apoptosis in cultured cells from human non-functioning pituitary tumors (NFPTs). Both BIM-23A760 and the dopaminergic agonist BIM-53097 induced a significant inhibition of cell proliferation associated with increased p27 expression,(More)
The cAMP–protein kinase A (PKA) pathway is the major signal transduction pathway involved in melanocyte-stimulating hormone receptor-mediated signaling and melanin production, whereas its role in the control of melanocyte proliferation is still controversial. In this study, we evaluated the effects of selective activation of the different PKA regulatory(More)
The two regulatory subunits (R1 and R2) of protein kinase A (PKA) are differentially expressed in cancer cell lines and exert diverse roles in growth control. Recently, mutations of the PKA regulatory subunit 1A gene (PRKAR1A) have been identified in patients with Carney complex. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of the PKA regulatory(More)
Many data suggest that alpha synuclein (α-syn) aggregation is involved in Parkinson's disease (PD) neurotoxicity and is accelerated by the pathogenetic point mutation A30P. The triplication of α-syn gene has been linked to early-onset familial PD, suggesting that the cellular dosage of α-syn is an important modulator of its toxicity. To verify this point,(More)
OBJECTIVES Aberrant cAMP signaling is involved in the pathogenesis of somatotropinomas. The aim of the study was to screen acromegalic patients for the presence of variants of phosphodiesterase type 11A (PDE11A) gene, which have been recently identified in adrenocortical and testicular tumors. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We sequenced the PDE11A gene-coding(More)
Somatostatin analogs currently used in the treatment of acromegaly and other neuroendocrine tumors inhibit hormone secretion and cell proliferation by binding to somatostatin receptor type (SST) 2 and 5. The antiproliferative pathways coupled to these receptors have been only partially characterized. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of(More)
Somatostatin (SST) exerts inhibitory effects on hormone secretion and cell proliferation by interacting with five different receptors (SST1-SST5) linked to multiple cellular effectors. The receptor structural domains involved in these effects have been only partially elucidated. The aim of the study was to investigate the molecular determinants mediating(More)
CONTEXT Alterations in cAMP signaling have been identified as a cause of endocrine neoplasia. In particular, activating mutations of the G(s)alpha gene and protein kinase A (PKA) overactivity due to low expression of PKA regulatory subunit 1A (R1A) have been implicated in somatotroph proliferation. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to evaluate the(More)