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There continues to be great interest in evaluating the adaptive plasticity of the human nervous system in response to exercise training or other interventions. For various reasons, researchers have been interested in estimates of spinal reflex processing in intact human subjects before and after training. A reflex pathway that has been employed in this(More)
Walking can be a very automated process, and it is likely that central pattern generators (CPGs) play a role in the coordination of the limbs. Recent evidence suggests that both the arms and legs are regulated by CPGs and that sensory feedback also regulates the CPG activity and assists in mediating interlimb coordination. Although the strength of coupling(More)
Neuronal coupling between the arms and legs allowing coordinated rhythmic movement during locomotion is poorly understood. We used the modulation of cutaneous reflexes to probe this neuronal coupling between the arms and legs using a cycling paradigm. Participants performed rhythmic cycling with arms, legs, or arms and legs together. We hypothesized that(More)
During locomotor tasks such as walking, running, and swimming, the arms move rhythmically with the legs. It has been suggested that connections between the cervical and lumbosacral spinal cord may mediate some of this interlimb coordination. However, it is unclear how these interlimb pathways modulate reflex excitability during movement. We hypothesized(More)
Cutaneous reflexes evoked by stimulation of nerves innervating the foot are modulated in a phase-dependent manner during locomotion. The pattern of modulation of these reflexes has been suggested to indicate a functional role of cutaneous reflexes in assisting to maintain stability during walking. We hypothesized that if cutaneous reflexes assist in(More)
Rhythmic motor patterns are ubiquitous in the animal kingdom. Walking, cycling, and swimming are examples of rhythmic locomotor tasks that humans perform routinely. This paper outlines the common core hypothesis that rhythmic motor patterns in human locomotion share common central neural control mechanisms. This is subserved by presumed central pattern(More)
OBJECTIVE Cutaneous nerve stimulation evokes coordinated and phase-modulated reflex output widely distributed to muscles of all four limbs during walking. Accessibility to this distributed network after stroke offers insight into the pathological changes and suggests utility for therapeutic applications. Here we examined muscles in both the more (MA) and(More)
Neural connections between the cervical and lumbosacral spinal cord may assist in arm and leg coordination during locomotion. Currently the extent to which arm activity can modulate reflex excitability of leg muscles is not fully understood. We showed recently that rhythmic arm movement significantly suppresses soleus H-reflex amplitude probably via(More)
It has been shown that stimulation of cutaneous nerves innervating the hand (superficial radial, SR) and foot (superficial peroneal, SP) elicit widespread reflex responses in many muscles across the body. These interlimb reflex responses were suggested to be functionally relevant to assist in motor coordination between the arms and legs during motor tasks(More)
Although we move our arms rhythmically during walking, running, and swimming, we know little about the neural control of such movements. Our working hypothesis is that neural mechanisms controlling rhythmic movements are similar in the human lumbar and cervical spinal cord. Thus reflex modulation during rhythmic arm movement should be similar to that seen(More)