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The functional expression of olfactory receptors (ORs) is a primary requirement to examine the molecular mechanisms of odorant perception and coding. Functional expression of the rat I7 OR and its trafficking to the plasma membrane was achieved under optimized experimental conditions in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The membrane expression of(More)
A dynamic equilibrium between globular and filamentous actin plays a crucial role in cell structure and motility. Many factors such as pH, ionic strength, temperature, and divalent cations, are known to influence this equilibrium. Some organic solvents, such as those used for the cryopreservation of cells, may also alter the dynamic equilibrium of this(More)
In this study, we report a dose-dependent detection of odorant molecules in solution by rat olfactory receptor I7 (OR I7) in its membrane fraction. The OR I7 is immobilized on a gold electrode by multilayer bioengineering based on a mixed self-assembled monolayer and biotin/avidin system, which allows for a well-controlled immobilization of the bioreceptor(More)
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) constitute the largest but the most divergent class of cell surface proteins. Although they are thought to share a common 3D-structure composed of seven transmembrane helical domains, they can be activated by extracellular signals as diverse as light, peptides, proteins, lipids, organic odorants, taste molecules,(More)
Primary olfactory neuronal cultures exposed to odorant stimulation have previously exhibited concentration-related effects in terms of intracellular cAMP levels and adenylate cyclase activity [Ronnett, G.V., Parfitt, D.J., Hester, L.D. & Snyder, S.H. (1991) PNAS88, 2366-2369]. Maximal stimulation occurred for intermediate concentrations, whereas AC activity(More)
The neuronal olfactory epithelium undergoes permanent renewal because of environmental aggression. This renewal is partly regulated by factors modulating the level of neuronal apoptosis. Among them, we had previously characterized endothelin as neuroprotective. In this study, we explored the effect of cell survival factor deprivation in the olfactory(More)
Mechanical properties of nano-sized vesicles made up of natural membranes are crucial to the development of stable, biocompatible nanocontainers with enhanced functional, recognition and sensing capabilities. Here we measure and compare the mechanical properties of plasma and inner membrane nanovesicles ∼80 nm in diameter obtained from disrupted yeast(More)
The lutropin receptor ectodomain overexpressed under the control of the powerful polyhedrin promoter in baculovirus-infected Sf9 insect cells, is mainly found in an inactive, intracellularly-aggregated form. It is secreted in an active form under the control of the P10 promoter, a somewhat weaker and earlier promoter, at the price of a lower production. The(More)
Molecular forms of the porcine LH/CG receptor (pLHR) and complexes between hCG and either the full-length pLHR or its extracellular domain (ectodomain) have been produced in various recombinant systems. In COS cells and in the baculovirus insect cells system, the co-expression of the ecto- and endo-domains reconstituted a functional receptor where the(More)
In this paper, we evaluated the grafting of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) onto functionalized surfaces, which is a primary requirement to elaborate receptor-based biosensors, or to develop novel GPCR assays. Bovine rhodopsin, a prototypical GPCR, was used in the form of receptor-enriched membrane fraction. Quantitative immobilization of the(More)