E. Pajot-Augy

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A dynamic equilibrium between globular and filamentous actin plays a crucial role in cell structure and motility. Many factors such as pH, ionic strength, temperature, and divalent cations, are known to influence this equilibrium. Some organic solvents, such as those used for the cryopreservation of cells, may also alter the dynamic equilibrium of this(More)
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) constitute the largest but the most divergent class of cell surface proteins. Although they are thought to share a common 3D-structure composed of seven transmembrane helical domains, they can be activated by extracellular signals as diverse as light, peptides, proteins, lipids, organic odorants, taste molecules,(More)
In this paper, we evaluated the grafting of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) onto functionalized surfaces, which is a primary requirement to elaborate receptor-based biosensors, or to develop novel GPCR assays. Bovine rhodopsin, a prototypical GPCR, was used in the form of receptor-enriched membrane fraction. Quantitative immobilization of the(More)
We describe how mammalian olfactory receptors (ORs) could be used as sensing elements of highly specific and sensitive bioelectronic noses. An OR and an appropriate G(alpha) protein were co-expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells from which membrane nanosomes were prepared, and immobilized on a sensor chip. By Surface Plasmon Resonance, we were able to(More)
The neuronal olfactory epithelium undergoes permanent renewal because of environmental aggression. This renewal is partly regulated by factors modulating the level of neuronal apoptosis. Among them, we had previously characterized endothelin as neuroprotective. In this study, we explored the effect of cell survival factor deprivation in the olfactory(More)
Olfactory receptors (ORs) are expressed in the olfactory epithelium, where they detect odorants, but also in other tissues with additional functions. Some ORs are even overexpressed in tumor cells. In this study, we identified ORs expressed in enterochromaffin tumor cells by RT-PCR, showing that single cells can co-express several ORs. Some of the receptors(More)
G-protein-coupled receptor homo-oligomerization has been increasingly reported. However, little is known regarding the relationship between activation of the receptor and its association/conformational states. The mammalian olfactory receptors (ORs) belong to the G protein-coupled receptor superfamily. In this study, the homo-oligomerization status of the(More)
The functional expression of olfactory receptors (ORs) is a primary requirement to examine the molecular mechanisms of odorant perception and coding. Functional expression of the rat I7 OR and its trafficking to the plasma membrane was achieved under optimized experimental conditions in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The membrane expression of(More)
Primary olfactory neuronal cultures exposed to odorant stimulation have previously exhibited concentration-related effects in terms of intracellular cAMP levels and adenylate cyclase activity [Ronnett, G.V., Parfitt, D.J., Hester, L.D. & Snyder, S.H. (1991) PNAS88, 2366-2369]. Maximal stimulation occurred for intermediate concentrations, whereas AC activity(More)
In this study, we report a dose-dependent detection of odorant molecules in solution by rat olfactory receptor I7 (OR I7) in its membrane fraction. The OR I7 is immobilized on a gold electrode by multilayer bioengineering based on a mixed self-assembled monolayer and biotin/avidin system, which allows for a well-controlled immobilization of the bioreceptor(More)