E P du Boulay

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The form and distribution of MRI abnormalities in 114 patients with clinically definite multiple sclerosis (MS) have been compared with observations on 53 apparently healthy individuals, 129 patients with isolated focal neurological lesions with which MS often presents (51 patients with optic neuritis, 44 with isolated brainstem lesions and 34 with isolated(More)
Brain MRI was performed on 12 patients with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM). Multifocal white matter lesions indistinguishable from those seen in multiple sclerosis (MS) were found in 10. In 5 there were rather extensive symmetric abnormalities in the cerebral (2) or cerebellar white matter (2), or basal ganglia (1). Follow-up MRI after(More)
Clinical and MRI investigations were carried out on 27 patients with acquired pendular nystagmus in an attempt to delineate possible sites of lesions responsible for pendular nystagmus and mechanisms underlying the frequent ocular disconjugacy of this nystagmus. The aetiologies were multiple sclerosis (n = 21), brainstem stroke (n = 3) and other(More)
Gadolinium-DTPA (Gd-DTPA) enhancement seen with magnetic resonance imaging in chronic relapsing experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (CREAE) corresponded with sites of blood-brain barrier breakdown judged by traditional markers in areas of inflammatory demyelination. Duration of Gd-DTPA leakage for individual lesions in CREAE varied from 5 days to more(More)
The evolution of the changes in the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in chronic relapsing experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (CREAE), a model of immune-mediated demyelination, has been studied by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); gadolinium-DTPA (Gd-DTPA) was used to detect BBB breakdown by both quantitative and qualitative techniques. Animals with acute EAE(More)
MRI of the brain was performed in 53 patients with a variety of degenerative ataxias and related disorders and 96 control subjects. Atrophy of intracranial structures was not seen in patients with the pure type of hereditary spastic paraplegia, or in early cases of Friedreich's ataxia. In advanced Friedreich's ataxia there was atrophy of the vermis and(More)
A case of multiple sclerosis is described in which spasmodic torticollis occurred abruptly and abated after 1 year. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a lesion in the mesencephalon. Other symptoms and physical signs that developed at the same time as the spasmodic torticollis were compatible with the lesion that had not been present on MRI 18(More)
The clinical, oculomotor and ophthalmological features of 27 patients with pendular nystagmus were studied in whom 22 also had MR imaging of the brainstem. The nystagmus was predominately horizontal in 4 patients, torsional in 5, vertical in 3 and mixed in trajectory in 8. Fifteen patients had conjugate nystagmus. Twelve patients had disconjugate nystagmus.(More)
Forty-nine patients with clinical features of vascular disease in the vertebrobasilar territory were examined to evaluate the diagnostic performance of computed tomography. It provided useful information in the diagnosis of acute vascular lesions in patients in whom a definite episode had occurred not longer than 2 weeks before computed tomography was(More)