E. P. Van Rees

Learn More
Oral administration of DSS has been reported to induce an acute and chronic colitis in mice. The aim of our study was to evaluate if the chronic phase of DSS-induced colitis was characterized by a Th1/Th2 response and how this would relate to mucosal regeneration. Swiss Webster mice were fed 5% DSS in their drinking water for 7 days, followed by 2-5 weeks(More)
In rodents, intracolonic administration of ethanol 30% induces an acute colitis, while administration of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulphonic acid (TNBS) in ethanol induces a longer lasting colitis. In the acute and chronic stages of experimental colitis, lymphoid and non-lymphoid cells were studied in the colon by immunohistochemistry. During the acute(More)
The influx of monocytes and neutrophils into the inflamed tissue could be an important aspect in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). A membrane protein involved in the monocyte/neutrophil adherence to endothelium is CD11b/CD18 or alpha M beta 2 (complement receptor type 3 = CR3). In the present study the role of CD11b/CD18 in experimental(More)
Exposure to synthetic glucocorticoids (GCs) or other stimuli around birth may affect neuroendocrine and immune responsiveness in the offspring. Experiments were conducted to investigate whether maternal manipulation with saline or with GCs alters the corticosterone (CORT) response to a mild stressor in the offspring, and whether maternal manipulation(More)
The effects of glucocorticoid (GC) treatment on the mature immune and neuroendocrine system are known to be reversible. However, prenatal GC exposure may have irreversible consequences on the development of the newborn. In this study, possible long-lasting effects of short-term prenatal GC treatment were examined on the developing thymus, spleen and(More)
The vacA and cagA geno- and phenotypes of two mouse-adapted strains of Helicobacter pylori, SS1 and SPM326, were determined. The SS1 strain, which had the cagA+ and vacA s2-m2 genotype, induced neither vacuole formation in HeLa cells nor interleukin-8 (IL-8) production in KATO III cells. In contrast, H. pylori SPM326, with the cagA+ and vacA s1b-m1(More)
The ontogenetic development of macrophage subpopulations and Ia-positive non-lymphoid cells was studied in gut-associated tissue in fetal and neonatal Wistar rats. A two-step immunoperoxidase method was carried out on cryostat sections, a panel of monoclonal antibodies being applied and aimed specifically at rat macrophages (ED1, ED2 and ED3) and at Ia(More)
Genetic diversity of 32 Helicobacter pylori strains isolated from patients with gastritis, gastric or duodenal ulcer, carcinoma, or lymphoma was determined by repetitive sequence element polymerase chain reaction (REP-PCR), and by the new typing method restriction fragment end-labelling (RFEL). Furthermore, these two methods were used to investigate a(More)
The etiology of chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis is still unknown. Recent studies including animal models of intestinal inflammation have identified interactions between the mucosal immune system, host genetic susceptibility and environmental factors, including normal intestinal microflora. Although(More)