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Clinical evidence suggests that cellular immunity is involved in controlling human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) replication. An animal model of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)-infected rhesus monkey, was used to show that virus replication is not controlled in monkeys depleted of CD8+ lymphocytes(More)
Prognosis for patients suffering from malignant glioma has not substantially improved. Specific immunotherapy as a novel treatment concept critically depends on target antigens, which are highly overexpressed in the majority of gliomas, but the number of such antigens is still very limited. SOX2 was identified by screening an expression database for(More)
The expression of the CD4 antigen in normal human brain was investigated in parallel by immunohistochemical and Northern blot analyses. With anti-CD4 antibodies detecting different epitopes of the molecule, CD4+ neurons were defined in the cerebellum, thalamus, and pons. CD4+ glial cells were identified in the thalamus and pons. CD4-specific mRNA was(More)
Fibrosis of lung tissue is a frequent and serious consequence of radiotherapy of mammary carcinoma. The pathogenesis of radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis remains unclear. Cytokines such as transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) have been reported to stimulate collagen synthesis in fibroblasts in vitro. The aim of this study(More)
PURPOSE Radiation-induced pneumonitis and subsequent pulmonary fibrosis are important dose-limiting complications of radiotherapy. Their pathogenesis is known only in part. T-lymphocytes comprise a significant part of the infiltrating cells but little is known about their role. The aim of this study was to define the function of T-lymphocytes during(More)
It has been proposed that antibodies can mimic the binding of a receptor to its ligand and that anti-idiotype antibodies raised against such antibodies can be used to identify the receptor. A large number of antibodies have been raised against CD4, the receptor on T cells for the envelope glycoprotein gp120 of the human immunodeficiency virus, and the site(More)
Antibody reactivity against survivin, a recently identified tumor-associated protein, was determined in sera from patients with lung (n = 51) or colorectal cancer (n = 49). The same collection of sera was tested for the presence of antibodies against p53. Eleven sera from lung cancer patients and four sera from colorectal cancer patients reacted with(More)
Nonhuman primates provide valuable animal models for human diseases. However, studies assessing the role of cell-mediated immune responses have been difficult to perform in nonhuman primates. We have shown that CD8+ lymphocyte-mediated immunity in rhesus monkeys can be selectively eliminated using the mouse-human chimeric anti-CD8 monoclonal antibody(More)
The function of the CD4 cell surface protein as coreceptor on T helper lymphocytes and as receptor for HIV makes this glycoprotein a prime target for an immune intervention with mAb. A detailed understanding of the structural determinants on the therapeutic CD4 mAb that are involved in Ag binding or are recognized by anti-idiotypic mAb (anti-Id) may be(More)