E. P. F. Yzerman

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In 1999, an outbreak of Legionnaires' disease affected many visitors to a flower show in the Netherlands. To identify the source of the outbreak, we performed an environmental investigation, as well as a case-control study among visitors and a serologic cohort study among exhibitors to measure exposure to possible sources. Of 77,061 visitors, 188 became ill(More)
Since 1977, the diagnostic tools for Legionnaires’ disease have been culture and serological investigation. Both methods require considerable time to produce results and have low to reasonable sensitivity. Since the introduction of urinary antigen tests in the mid 1990s, underdiagnosis has diminished and mortality has declined, thanks to early diagnosis. To(More)
In 1999, an outbreak involving 188 patients with Legionnaires' disease (LD) occurred at a flower show in the Netherlands. This large outbreak provided the opportunity to evaluate serum antibody tests to assay anti-Legionella pneumophila, since limited data are available on the sensitivity of these tests. The sensitivities of an indirect serotype 1-6(More)
This study investigated the hypothesis that the genotype distribution of Legionella isolates from sporadic patients with Legionnaires' disease differs from that of Legionella strains in the environment. An amplified fragment-length polymorphism (AFLP) assay was used to genotype patient-derived and environmental Legionella isolates. The three Legionella(More)
In 1999 an outbreak involving 188 patients with Legionnaires' disease (LD) occurred among visitors to a flower show in the Netherlands. Two enzyme immunoassays (Binax and Biotest) and one immunochromatographic assay (Binax NOW) were tested, using urine samples from LD patients from the 1999 outbreak. Sensitivity was calculated using positive culture and/or(More)
Legionella longbeachae was cultured from the sputum of a patient suffering from Legionnaires' disease. Source identification efforts included analysis of samples of potting soil from the patient's garden, and a genotypically indistinguishable strain of L. longbeachae was cultured from this material. Following examination of a national collection of(More)
BACKGROUND To stop a possible outbreak of Legionnaires' disease (LD) at an early stage an outbreak detection programme was installed in The Netherlands. METHODS The programme consisted of sampling and controlling of potential sources to which LD patients had been exposed during their incubation period. Potential sources were considered to be true sources(More)
To predict at an early phase the clinical course and outcome of nosocomial Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia, the APACHE II score at onset of bacteremia was calculated in 99 patients. A delta APACHE II score (i.e., the difference between this score and one calculated for the day before the bacteremia) was also determined. This delta APACHE II score was(More)
After a large outbreak of Legionnaires' disease in the Netherlands, we determined risk factors for intensive care unit (ICU) admission and death and the impact of adequate therapy on ICU-free survival among 141 hospitalized patients. Overall mortality rate was 13%, and ICU mortality rate was 36%. Smoking, temperature >38.5 degrees C, and bilateral(More)