E P Eijking

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Surfactant replacement therapy may be a promising approach for treatment of respiratory failure caused by viral pneumonia. This study in mice demonstrates that during the development of lethal influenza A pneumonia, thorax-lung compliance (Ctl/kg) and lung volume at 5 cm H2O PEEP (V5/kg) significantly decrease (28 and 54%, respectively), whereas lung water(More)
The effect of intratracheal surfactant administration was studied in rats with adult respiratory distress syndrome associated with infection with nebulized Sendai virus. Thirty-six hours after infection, animals (n = 7) showed severely impaired gas exchange and acidosis during artificial ventilation (PaO2 = 152.2 +/- 18.7, PaCO2 = 65.3 +/- 19.2, pH = 7.26(More)
BACKGROUND The surfactant system seems to be involved in the pathophysiology of respiratory failure caused by hydrochloric acid (HCl) aspiration. This study was an investigation of the effect of different treatment strategies using an exogenous surfactant preparation on lung function of rats suffering from respiratory failure after intratracheal HCl(More)
In this study the importance of a low-weight surfactant protein (11 kDa) is demonstrated by selectively blocking this protein with a monoclonal antibody. In adult rats respiratory failure was induced by repeated bronchoalveolar lavage to remove all pulmonary surfactant. It was shown that surfactant mixed with the antibody was not capable of restoring lung(More)
Because the surfactant system probably is involved in the pathophysiology of respiratory failure caused by hydrochloric acid (HCl) aspiration, we investigated the effects of different ventilation strategies and intratracheal surfactant instillation at different time intervals on the course of pulmonary gas exchange after HCl aspiration in rats. In this(More)
In this study a model of acute respiratory failure due to viral pneumonia in rats, closely resembling ARDS, is presented. Severe respiratory failure with lethal outcome in four days was induced by infection concentrated Sendai virus aerosol. This model permits evaluation of different therapeutical approaches for improving gas exchange during ARDS.(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) with a diluted surfactant suspension prior to surfactant instillation prevents the only transient improvement in lung function as reported after surfactant instillation in severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). DESIGN Randomized, prospective, experimental study. SETTING Laboratory and(More)
The role of surfactant-associated proteins in surfactant function was studied by selectively blocking these proteins with monoclonal antibodies. Four monoclonal antibodies, M1, M2, M3, and M4 were identified and their reactivities examined by Western blot analysis. M1, M2, and M4 bind, respectively, 8-, 10- and both 10- and 34-kD proteins. M3 antibody did(More)
Recently a catheter has been developed based on amperometric measurement principle for in vivo monitoring of PaO2. A study in pigs was performed to compare the cell with a standard method for measuring PaO2. The results show that the cell is capable to accurately measure PaO2.
The effect of intratracheal surfactant instillation on pulmonary function in rats with pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) was investigated. In these animals which developed PCP with severe respiratory failure after s.c. administration of cortisone acetate over 8-12 weeks, pulmonary function could be improved by surfactant instillation, as measured by an(More)