E O Weselcouch

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OBJECTIVE The mechanism of the protective effect of ischaemic preconditioning in the myocardium is not yet known. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that endogenous myocardial catecholamines may be mediators of preconditioning. METHODS To test whether endogenous catecholamines are involved in preconditioning, experiments were performed in(More)
Endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) has recently been reported to be a mediator of ischemic preconditioning in dog hearts. The aim of the present study was to determine the role of NO in ischemic preconditioning in isolated perfused rat hearts. Rat hearts were perfused at either constant pressure (80 mmHg) or constant flow. After aerobic perfusion (37(More)
Compounds that act at ATP-modulated potassium channels (KATP) were tested in an in vitro model of skeletal muscle ischemia. The extensor digitorum longus muscles were removed from anesthetized rats and placed in tissue baths, and contractions were elicited by electrical field stimulation at 0.2 Hz. During normoxia, the force of contraction gradually decayed(More)
The method of local tissue clearance was used to measure capillary permeability-surface area products (PS) for [3H]inulin and [14C]sucrose in the left ventricular wall of the isolated rabbit heart. As soon as a heart was excised, its coronary arteries were perfused with Ringer solution at 37 degrees for at least 30 min before clearance trials were begun. In(More)
The circumflex coronary artery of pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs was partially obstructed with an externally applied rigid plastic band. Platelet aggregation at the site of stenosis caused a gradual decline in blood flow in the artery, which was monitored with an electromagnetic flow probe placed proximally to the obstructor. The effects of drugs on(More)
Previously, the induction of pancreatic carcinogenesis in the rat using azaserine has involved a multiple-dose treatment protocol. The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of multiple azaserine treatments on pancreatic DNA synthesis and to develop a protocol for a single-dose initiation of pancreatic carcinogenesis by azaserine in the(More)
Neutrophils are reported to play an important role in the genesis of tissue damage during reperfusion after periods of ischemia in a variety of organs and may also be involved in loss of tissue function during ischemia. To test this hypothesis, the monoclonal antibody, MoAb 60.3, which prevents the adhesion of ferret neutrophils to cultured human(More)
Transvascular transport has been studied with atherogenic, tracer, and inert compounds such as low-density lipoprotein, horseradish peroxidase, and albumin, respectively. Few studies used vasoactive compounds, and virtually all studies examined entry from the lumen and not from the perivascular space. We compared several mechanisms that govern arterial(More)
The effect of passage through the pulmonary and renal circulation on the activity of extracted and synthetic atrial natriuretic factors was determined by monitoring the amount of the vascular relaxing activity surviving passage through the organ. When crude atrial extract was infused through isolated perfused lungs of the guinea pig, approximately 75% of(More)
Openers of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium channels relax vascular smooth muscle and protect ischemic myocardium. Cromakalim and BMS-180448 are examples of this class of compounds. They are equipotent in their cardioprotective activity, but cromakalim and related compounds are extremely hypotensive, an activity that limits their use. The(More)