E. N. Krasil’nikova

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The intermediate and terminal products of cyanide and thiocyanate decomposition by individual strains of the genus Pseudomonas, P. putida strain 21 and P. stutzeri strain 18, and by their association were analyzed. The activity of the enzymes of nitrogen and sulfur metabolism in these strains was compared with that of the collection strains P. putida VKM(More)
The mechanism of acetate assimilation in the purple nonsulfur bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides, which lacks the glyoxylate shunt, has been studied. It has been found that the growth of this bacterium in batch and continuous cultures and the assimilation of acetate in cell suspensions are not stimulated by bicarbonate. The consumption of acetate is(More)
The mechanism of acetate assimilation by the purple nonsulfur bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides, which lacks the glyoxylate shunt, has been studied. In a previous work, proceeding from data on acetate assimilation by Rba. sphaeroides cell suspensions, a suggestion was made regarding the operation, in this bacterium, of the citramalate cycle. This cycle was(More)
Growth, bacteriochlorophyll a content, electron transport chain (ETC), and activities of the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle enzymes were studied in R and M phase variants of Rhodobacter sphaeroides cells grown anaerobically in the light and aerobically in the dark. Under all cultivation conditions tested, bacteriochlorophyll a content was 2–3 times lower in(More)
The carbon metabolism of representatives of the family Oscillochloridaceae (Oscillochloris trichoides DG6 and the recent isolates Oscillochloris sp. R, KR, and BM) has been studied. Based on data from an inhibitory analysis of autotrophic CO2 assimilation and measurements of the activities of the enzymes involved in this process, it is concluded that, in(More)
The activities of carbon metabolism enzymes were determined in cellular extracts of the moderately thermophilic, chemolithotrophic, acidophilic bacteriumSulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans subsp.asporogenes, strain 41, grown either at an atmospheric content of CO2 in the gas phase (autotrophically, heterotrophically, or mixotrophically) or autotrophically at(More)
The dynamics of the ATP pool in the aerobic spore-forming acidothermophilic mixotrophic bacteria Sulfobacillus thermotolerans Kr1T and Alicyclobacillus tolerans K1T were studied in the course of their chemolithoheterotrophic, chemoorganoheterotrophic, and chemolithoautotrophic growth. It was established that, during mixotrophic growth, the maximum ATP(More)
The phenotypic characteristics of the species Sulfobacillus thermotolerans Kr1T, as dependent on the cultivation conditions, are described in detail. High growth rates (0.22–0.30 h−1) and high oxidative activity were recorded under optimum mixotrophic conditions at 40 °C on medium with inorganic (Fe(II), S0, or pyrite-arsenopyrite concentrate) and organic(More)
For cultures of moderately thermophilic chemolithotrophic bacteria Sulfobacillus sibiricus N1 and SSO, S. thermosulfidooxidans subsp. asporogenes 41, and the thermotolerant strain S. thermotolerans Kr1 grown under forced aeration and in a high medium layer without aeration, growth characteristics, substrate consumption, and exometabolite formation were(More)
The mechanism of the aerobic dark assimilation of acetate in the photoheterotrophically grown purple nonsulfur bacteriumRhodospirillum rubrum was studied. Both in the light and in the dark, acetate assimilation inRsp. rubrum cells, which lack the glyoxylate pathway, was accompanied by the excretion of glyoxylate into the growth medium. The assimilation of(More)