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The effects of delivery gel pH and osmolarity on both the mass transport and 'biodiffusion' of the spermicide nonoxynol-9 (N9) in bovine cervical mucus were evaluated. Delivery gels were calcium chloride crosslinked alginate containing 3% N9, and were manufactured over a pH range of 3.4 to 5.9 and an osmolarity range of 300 to 900 mosmol. Mass transfer(More)
This study was an examination of the dose response of the kinematics of human sperm motion to 1-min and 30-min incubations with the spermicide Nonoxynol-9 (N9). At concentrations resulting in only slight reductions in percentages of motile sperm (MOT), increasing N9 decreased the progressiveness of sperm motion (reflected in decreasing straight line(More)
Traditional endpoints of the double-ended test (DET), a contraceptive screening assay used to evaluate the ability of a compound to permeate cervical mucus and inhibit sperm progression, ignore important information about sublethal effects upon sperm cells. Improved contraceptive agents may capitalize on such sublethal aspects. This study utilized a DET(More)
An automated spectrophotometric method has been developed for analyzing molecular transport out from and into gels. A Beckman DU7500 diode-array UV-visible spectrophotometer with gel scanner was modified to accept and longitudinally scan a quartz diffusion cell, 0.3x10x40 mm. Molecules of interest are identified and concentrations quantitated via analysis(More)
Assays of sperm penetration into cervical mucus, in the configuration of double-ended tests (DETs), are an accepted format for evaluating the efficacy of sperm-directed contraceptives in mucus. In order to distinguish relative contributions of compound permeation into, and compound bioactivity within, cervical mucus with respect to vanguard sperm(More)
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