• Citations Per Year
Learn More
Ellipticine derivatives have been shown to induce DNA strand breaks by trapping DNA-topoisomerase II (Topo II) in an intermediary covalent complex between Topo II and DNA which could be related to their cytotoxic effects. We report here that Celiptium and Detalliptinium, two ellipticine derivatives clinically used for their antitumoral properties against(More)
Chronic stress is known to induce immunological disorders. In the present study we examined the consequences of chronic restraint stress on the immune response to tetanus toxin in mice. We investigated the repartition of subsets of lymphoid cells in blood and spleen, the functional ability of lymphocytes to proliferate and to produce cytokines, and antibody(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the early-delayed effects of a low dose of the gamma acute radiation syndrome (1.5 Gy) on memory and on dopaminergic and serotoninergic metabolism in Swiss albino CD1 mice, of various ages (6, 10 and 20 weeks). At different times after irradiation (from 24 hr to three months), the mice were trained in a single-trial(More)
Recovery from radiation-induced (RI) bone marrow aplasia depends on appropriate cytokine support. The early effects of exogenous cytokines at the hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) level following irradiation are still largely unknown, especially those of survival factors such as stem cell factor (SCF) and Flt-3 ligand (FL). This study was aimed(More)
The effects of a lethal gamma irradiation were investigated on cerebral NO-ergic system by using a voltammetric method in freely moving rats. It is reported that the cortical NO concentration increases right from the end of the radiation exposure (15 Gy) and reaches a maximal magnitude (+120%) 24 h later. A dose-effect relationship from 2 to 15 Gy for(More)
Programmed cell death or apoptosis is a process characterized by several morphological, biochemical and molecular events in response to physiological or pathological stimuli, such as gamma radiation. Free radicals being involved in many physiological and pathological processes, the aim of this study is to investigate the literature about the involvement of(More)
Several antitumor drugs including DNA intercalative and non intercalative agents induce in vitro and in vivo double-stranded DNA breaks by stabilization of a topoisomerase II-DNA complex. In order to locate cleavage sites in an actively transcribed oncogene, N417 cells, originating from a human small cell lung carcinoma and containing 45-50 copies of c-myc(More)
UNLABELLED PURPOSE. To investigate the effect of blood nitric oxide (NO) as a mediator of the neurovascular syndrome in rats following gamma-irradiation. MATERIAL AND METHODS Using a voltametric method together with a carbon fibre based sensor, NO measurements were carried out in sham-irradiated and irradiated animals either in blood from the abdominal(More)
1. To determine the acute effects of irradiation on the functionality of vessel, rat aortic rings were mounted in an organ bath for isometric tension measurements and irradiated (60Co, 1 Gy min(-1), 15 min). 2. Irradiation, which is without effect on non-contracted or endothelium-denuded vessels, led to an immediate and reversible increase in vascular tone(More)
In an attempt to determine the consequences of total body radiation damage on learning and memory in the rat, twenty-eight male Wistar rats aged 4 months received 4.5 Gy total body gamma-irradiation (TBI) while 28 rats received sham irradiation. Sequential behavioral studies of negative reinforcement including a/ one- and b/ two-way avoidance tasks were(More)