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A nondestructive mechanical testing technique was used to assess midsagittal plane variations in the mechanical properties of human lumbar vertebral bone adjacent to the intervertebral discs of normal and degenerated spines. Bone mechanical properties were compared with midsagittal plane measurements of intervertebral disc (IVD) physical-chemical(More)
This article describes regional variations in cancellous bone morphology within the human lumbar spine of a 60-year-old woman. An automated imaging technique, based upon the method of directed secants, was used to quantify variations in bone porosity and trabecular size, distribution, and orientation within serial transverse histological sections of the L1(More)
An image processing system was used to examine histomorphometric properties of 15 adult male and female human clavicles. Variations in porosity, cross-sectional area, anatomic and principal moments of inertia were assessed at 2.5-5.0% increments along the length of the clavicles. The clavicle's biomechanical behavior (axial, flexural, and torsional(More)
A quantitative serial sectioning technique and a video-imaging procedure were used to obtain precise (20-microns voxels, in a 5 mm x 6 mm x 7 mm test volume) digital images of lumbar vertebral cancellous bone specimens. Conventional stereological image analyses were performed on this data to determine multiplanar (bulk) and surface planar variations in(More)
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