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OBJECTIVE Circulating concentrations of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthesis, are elevated in conditions associated with increased cardiovascular risk. We investigated whether elevated ADMA concentrations predict major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with advanced peripheral artery disease(More)
BACKGROUND Inasmuch as endovascular brachytherapy (BT) has gained recent interest because of its inhibitory effect on mechanisms leading to restenosis after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), we performed this randomized study to determine its efficacy for prophylaxis of restenosis after femoropopliteal PTA. METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred(More)
OBJECTIVE The intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1/CD54) and its ligand, CD11a/CD18, mediate endothelial adhesion of leukocytes and their consecutive transmigration. Anti-inflammatory effects of statins are considered to be exerted in part through inhibition of leukocyte-endothelial interactions. We investigated the in vivo effects of simvastatin(More)
BACKGROUND Excess body weight is a risk factor for a first venous thromboembolism. The impact of excess body weight on risk of recurrent venous thrombosis is uncertain. METHODS We studied 1107 patients for an average of 46 months after a first unprovoked venous thromboembolism and withdrawal of anticoagulant therapy. Excluded were pregnant patients, those(More)
BACKGROUND Fibrinogen is a key factor in the coagulation cascade, it exhibits proinflammatory properties, and it is suggested to play a pivotal role in atherogenesis. We investigated whether fibrinogen predicts future progression of carotid atherosclerosis, analyzing whether fibrinogen levels add to the prognostic information of other inflammatory(More)
OBJECTIVE Obesity is closely linked to the insulin resistance syndrome (IRS), type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients. Elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), indicating chronic subclinical inflammation, have been associated with features of the IRS and(More)
CONTEXT Widespread screening of patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) for thrombophilic risk factors has become common clinical practice. Because of the increasing number of risk factors, assessing the risk of recurrence in an individual patient is intricate; therefore, a laboratory method that measures multifactorial thrombophilia is required. (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The progression of carotid stenosis reflects the activity of atherosclerotic disease and may indicate a risk for systemic atherothrombotic complications. We investigated whether progressive carotid stenosis determined by duplex ultrasonography predicts adverse outcomes in cardiovascular high-risk patients. METHODS We prospectively(More)
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stenting (PTAS) has become a treatment option for severe carotid stenosis. The goal of our study was to determine prospectively neurocognitive outcome 6 months after unilateral stent-protected carotid angioplasty. Twenty consecutive patients who underwent stent-protected angioplasty for symptomatic (n=9) or(More)
BACKGROUND Beyond lipid lowering, various antiinflammatory properties have been ascribed to statins. Moreover, in vitro studies have suggested the presence of anticoagulant effects of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors, as lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced monocyte tissue factor (TF) was suppressed. In this study, we examined the role(More)