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BACKGROUND A fixed-dose regimen of rivaroxaban, an oral factor Xa inhibitor, has been shown to be as effective as standard anticoagulant therapy for the treatment of deep-vein thrombosis, without the need for laboratory monitoring. This approach may also simplify the treatment of pulmonary embolism. METHODS In a randomized, open-label, event-driven,(More)
Authors/Task Force Members: Michal Tendera (Chairperson)* (Poland), Victor Aboyans (Co-Chairperson)* (France), Marie-Louise Bartelink (The Netherlands), Iris Baumgartner (Switzerland), Denis Clément (Belgium), Jean-Philippe Collet (France), Alberto Cremonesi (Italy), Marco De Carlo (Italy), Raimund Erbel (Germany), F. Gerry R. Fowkes (UK), Magda Heras(More)
BACKGROUND Because stent implantation for disease of the superficial femoral artery has been associated with high rates of late clinical failure, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty is preferred for endovascular treatment, and stenting is recommended only in the event of suboptimal technical results. We evaluated whether primary implantation of a(More)
BACKGROUND Endoluminal treatment of superficial femoral artery lesions is a matter of controversy. The present study was designed to investigate the impact of nitinol stenting of superficial femoral artery lesions with a maximum length of 10 cm on restenosis and clinical outcomes at 1 year. METHODS AND RESULTS Two hundred forty-four patients (168 men;(More)
OBJECTIVE As regular physical exercise improves endothelial dysfunction and promotes cardiovascular health, we investigated the effect of training on angiogenesis by measuring the number of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC), the level of EPC-mobilizing growth factors and tested vascular function by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in patients with(More)
Heme oxygenase (HO) seems to be a novel protective factor with potent anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and anti-proliferative effects. HO-1, the inducible isoform, is expressed in various tissues and is upregulated by multiple stimuli. However, humans differ quantitatively in their ability to mount an HO-1 response, modulated by two potentially functional(More)
OBJECTIVE Obesity is closely linked to the insulin resistance syndrome (IRS), type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients. Elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), indicating chronic subclinical inflammation, have been associated with features of the IRS and(More)
BACKGROUND The post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a frequent complication of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Patients with recurrent ipsilateral DVT have an increased risk of PTS; other risk factors are unknown. OBJECTIVES To establish risk factors of PTS and its impact on venous thrombotic disease. PATIENTS We prospectively followed 406 patients after a(More)
PURPOSE To determine and compare the rates of in-stent restenosis, late clinical deterioration, and stent fractures in nitinol stents versus Wallstents implanted for suboptimal angioplasty in the superficial femoral artery (SFA). METHODS Interrogation of an angioplasty database identified 286 consecutive patients (178 men; mean age 67+/-10 years, range(More)
BACKGROUND Inasmuch as endovascular brachytherapy (BT) has gained recent interest because of its inhibitory effect on mechanisms leading to restenosis after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), we performed this randomized study to determine its efficacy for prophylaxis of restenosis after femoropopliteal PTA. METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred(More)