E. Martinez-Naves

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Human MR1 is a recently discovered, ubiquitously transcribed gene very similar to the HLA class I loci and of unknown function. Mouse and rat MR1 sequences have also been described showing high similarity with the human gene. The goal of this work was to investigate if human MR1 was polymorphic. We have found that DNA sequences of MR1-specific polymerase(More)
HLA-B27 represents a family of closely related antigens. Six alleles which differ in a limited number of nucleotide substitutions have been described (B*2701—B*2706). These changes are clustered in α1 and α2 domains. Polymerase chain reaction strategies were designed to amplify specific regions of class I exons 2 and 3. Amplified sequences were tested with(More)
CD1 molecules are specialized in presenting lipidic antigens to T lymphocytes. They are structurally and evolutionary related to MHC molecules and show very limited polymorphism. We have previously described and partially characterized a new human CD1A allele differing from the wild type CD1A by a substitution of Cysteine by Tryptophan at position 52 in the(More)
We have studied the genotypic, haplotypic, and allelic distribution of germline Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) of T-cell receptor (Tcr) alpha, gamma, and delta loci in 75 insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) patients and 84 healthy blood donors as control population. The restriction endonuclease PvuII produces three allelic fragments(More)
CD1 is a family of proteins structurally related to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules and specialized in presenting lipids or glycolipids to T cells. In humans, there are five CD1 genes (CD1A to CD1E). It has been shown that, in contrast with classical MHC genes, CD1 loci display a very limited polymorphism. In the present work we describe(More)
CD1 molecules are able to present unusual antigens, lipids or glycolipids from mycobacterium cell walls to T lymphocytes. Previous studies have suggested that polymorphism of these genes is very limited, in contrast with classical major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigen-presenting molecules. Our aim was to study possible allelic variations of exons 2(More)
Recently several reports have described contradictory results after studying the association between restriction fragments length polymorphisms (RFLP) of T cell receptor (TcR) beta-chain genes and multiple sclerosis (MS). We studied the allelic, genotypic and haplotypic distribution of RFLPs of TcR beta chain gene segments C beta, V beta 8 and V beta 11 in(More)
Conversely to the well-established association of DR2/Dw2 with multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility in Caucasoids, several studies have found an association of DR4 in populations from Mediterranean origin. We have studied the distribution of the different DR4B1 subtypes in Spanish MS patients. Oligonucleotide probes were selected in order to type samples(More)
The mouse CD1 system is formed by two closely related genes named Cd1d1 and Cd1d2. Cd1d1 encodes a molecule that presents antigens to NKT cells. The function of the Cd1d2 gene has not been elucidated. Here we described a method to analyse variations in mouse Cd1 genes. We found a new allele for Cd1d2 characterized by a point mutation, resulting in a(More)