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The objective of this guideline is to assist poison center personnel in the appropriate out-of-hospital triage and initial management of patients with suspected ingestions of acetaminophen. An evidence-based expert consensus process was used to create this guideline. This guideline applies to ingestion of acetaminophen alone and is based on an assessment of(More)
BACKGROUND 1-bromopropane was recently substituted for traditional ozone-depleting solvents in the industrial setting. CASE SERIES We report a cohort of six cases of 1-bromopropane neurotoxicity occurring in foam cushion gluers exposed to 1-bromopropane vapors from spray adhesives. Patients 1-5 were exposed 30-40 hours per week over three years; patient 6(More)
UNLABELLED The objective of this guideline is to assist poison center personnel in the out-of-hospital triage and initial management of patients with suspected exposures to elemental mercury. An evidence-based expert consensus process was used to create this guideline. It is based on an assessment of current scientific and clinical information. The panel(More)
It has been recommended that all children with a history of coin ingestion immediately undergo roentgenography to locate the coin, regardless of symptoms. We performed a prospective evaluation of these ingestions to determine the risk of asymptomatic esophageal impaction and the need for routine roentgenography. One hundred sixty-two children (mean +/- SD(More)
We report six cases of acute carbon monoxide poisoning during pregnancy. All of the women survived with good outcomes, but three cases were associated with fetal mortality. Two fetuses were delivered stillborn within 36 hours of exposure. One fetus remained alive in utero for 20 weeks and was delivered nonviable at 33 weeks gestation with multiple(More)
A review of US poison center data for 2004 showed over 8,000 ingestions of methylphenidate. A guideline that determines the conditions for emergency department referral and prehospital care could potentially optimize patient outcome, avoid unnecessary emergency department visits, reduce health care costs, and reduce life disruption for patients and(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE We compared the efficacies of cimetidine (an H2-receptor antagonist) and diphenhydramine (an H1-receptor antagonist) alone and in combination for alleviation of symptoms of acute allergic reactions. STUDY DESIGN AND INTERVENTIONS: In this prospective, randomized, double-blind study, patients and examiners assessed the severity of symptoms(More)
Drug- and toxin-induced rhabdomyolysis is a nonspecific clinical syndrome resulting from the release of skeletal muscle cell contents into the plasma and urine. Antihistamine drugs are the active ingredients in a number of over-the-counter preparations and are frequently ingested in suicide attempts. We report rhabdomyolysis as a rare adverse effect of(More)
Significant local and systemic toxicity may occur from hydrofluoric acid by all routes of exposure. Prompt decontamination by removal from the source and copious irrigation of eyes and skin are essential to reduce morbidity and mortality. Ingestion of small amounts of HF can lead to rapid systemic poisoning and death. Calcium gluconate therapy has become(More)