E. M. Wright

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We present numerical simulations of nonlinear pulse propagation in air whereby an initial pulse is formed, absorbed by plasma generation, and subsequently replenished by power from the trailing edge of the pulse. This process can occur more than once for high-power input pulses and produce the illusion of long-distance propagation of one self-guided pulse.
A numerical study of the all-optical switching properties of solitons in an erbium-doped nonlinear fiber coupler is presented. The small gain provided by the erbium both lowers and sharpens the switching threshold, while producing pulse-compression factors of 3 to 9. As a result, we show that it is possible to achieve all-optical switching, amplification,(More)
Recent experiments involving femtosecond pulses in water displayed long-distance propagation analogous to that reported in air. We verify this phenomenon numerically and show that the propagation is dynamic as opposed to self-guided. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the propagation can be interpreted as being due to dynamic nonlinear X waves whose(More)
Quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis was conducted to identify QTL for seed yield and color retention following processing of a recombinant inbred line (RIL) black bean population. A population of 96 RILs were derived from the cross of black bean cultivars ‘Jaguar’ and 115M and evaluated in replicated trials at one location over 4 years (2004–2007) in(More)
While it is well established that clinically ill livestock represent a reservoir of Salmonella, the importance of subclinical shedders as sources of human salmonellosis is less well defined. The aims of this study were to assess the subtype diversity of Salmonella in healthy dairy cattle and farm environments and to compare the subtypes isolated from these(More)
It has previously been realized that angle-resolved spectra (or far-field spectra) reflect in detail the complex dynamics of femtosecond pulses propagating in nonlinear dispersive media [J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 862 (2005)], and thus represent a potentially useful experimental diagnostic tool. In this paper we extend an effective three-wave mixing approach(More)