E M Spencer

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Repressor element-1 silencing transcription factor (REST) is a candidate modulator of gene expression during status epilepticus in the rodent. In such models, full-length REST and the truncated REST4 variant are induced and can potentially direct differential gene expression patterns. We have addressed the regulation of these REST variants in rodent(More)
Seasonal variation in prepubertal penile growth has not previously been studied. The present study assessed the influence of daylength and androgens on penile development in the Siberian hamster (Phodopus sungorus). Adult penile masses were achieved at 18 and 8 weeks of age in hamsters maintained from birth under short (10 h light:14 h dark) versus long (14(More)
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-4 (IGFBP-4), like the other five IGFBPs, is a critical regulator of the activity of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-II. However IGFBP-4 seems to be the only IGFBP with no potential to enhance the mitogenic actions of the IGFs. IGFBP-1 to -3 and -5 each contain 18 conserved cysteine residues, IGFBP-6(More)
PURPOSE As growth hormone has been reported to improve nerve regeneration, we studied the effect of rat growth hormone (GH) on the regeneration of nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-containing penile nerves and the neurons in the pelvic ganglia after unilateral cavernous nerve neurotomy in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS Male rats were divided into three groups:(More)
Lysis of platelets releases the contents of the alpha-granules, which contain growth factors, including insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3). We investigated the mechanism by which IGF-I and IGFBP-3 appeared in the alpha-granules with a goal of modulating their levels in platelets to affect platelet functions. Reverse(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) is an important regulator of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) bioavailability and IGF-independent growth responses. IGFBP-3 is stored within the alpha granules of platelets, permitting its rapid and concentrated delivery at sites of platelet lysis. Previous studies have demonstrated a lack of mRNA for(More)
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