E M Sokolova

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1. The effects of exogenous ATP or adenosine on end-plate currents (e.p.cs; evoked by simultaneous action of a few hundred quanta of ACh) or on miniature e.p.cs (m.e.p.cs) were studied under voltage clamp conditions on frog sartorius muscle fibres. 2. ATP or adenosine (100 microM(-1) mM) reduced the e.p.c. amplitude but did not affect m.e.p.c. amplitude,(More)
The mechanism responsible for the blocking action of mecamylamine on neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) was studied on rat isolated chromaffin cells recorded under whole-cell patch clamp. Mecamylamine strongly depressed (IC(50) = 0.34 microM) inward currents elicited by short pulses of nicotine, an effect slowly reversible on wash. The(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Pre-synaptic neurotransmitter release is largely dependent on Ca(2+) entry through P/Q-type (Ca(V)2.1) voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels (PQCCs) at most mammalian, central, fast synapses. Barbiturates are clinical depressants and inhibit pre-synaptic Ca(2+) entry. PQCC barbiturate pharmacology is generally unclear, specifically in man.(More)
Extracellular ATP was used to test the involvement of purinergic P2 receptors in the modulation of GAB Aergic giant depolarizing potentials (GDPs) in rat neonatal hippocampus. Bath application of ATP reduced the GDP frequency in a concentration-dependent manner. The inhibitory effect of ATP persisted in the presence of adenosine P1 receptor antagonist DPCPX(More)
Exogenous adenosine reduced the amplitude of multiquantal end-plate currents due to a depressant action on transmitter release. Theophylline did not change the amplitude of end-plate currents under low-rate motor nerve stimulation. The findings suggest a possibility of both tonic and phasic inhibitory actions of endogenous adenosine on transmitter release(More)
Experiments on neuromuscular preparations of frog skin- thoracic muscle and sartorius muscle, using extracellular recording and two-electrode clamping of the muscle fiber membrane potential, were used to study the effects of the nitric oxide donor sodium nitroprusside on endplate currents. At a concentration of 100 microM, sodium nitroprusside sharply(More)
The effect of nitric oxide donor sodium nitroprusside on the end-plate currents was studied under two-electrode voltage-clamp condition at frog neuro-muscular junction. Sodium nitroprusside (10(-4) M) reduced to the half the amplitude of end-plate currents while did not change miniature end-plate currents indicating the presynaptic nature of end-plate(More)
Review of modulating role of the ATP in neuro-muscular junction is based on experiments and literature references. Endogenous ATP was found to inhibit the transmitter release due to a direct interaction with the P2 receptors on the motor nerve endings, and to modulate development of postsynaptic potentiation due to interaction with cholinoreceptors of the(More)
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