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BACKGROUND Foot infections are a frequent complication of patients with diabetes mellitus, accounting for up to 20% of diabetes-related hospital admissions. Infectious agents are associated with the worst outcomes, which may ultimately lead to amputation of the infected foot unless prompt treatment strategies are ensued. The present study sought to reveal(More)
We investigated 245 diarrheal stool specimens from HIV-positive subjects between January 2003 and December 2006 to determine the etiological role of coproparasites. Parasitic etiology was observed in 91 (37.1%) cases. Isospora belli (26.1%) was the most common parasite followed by Entameba histolytica/dispar (3.3%), Cryptosporidium spp. (2.9%), Giardia(More)
The isolation of microbial agents less susceptible to regular antibiotics and the rising trend in the recovery rates of resistant bacteria highlights the need for newer alternative principles. Triphala has been used in traditional medicine practice against certain diseases such as jaundice, fever, cough, eye diseases etc. In the present study phytochemical(More)
Estimation of CD4+ T-lymphocytes continues to be an important aspect for monitoring HIV disease progression and response to antiretroviral therapy. Most of the diagnostic laboratories often rely on western text books for CD4+ T-lymphocyte reference values, which could, often be unreliable for usage in local settings. Therefore, we attempted to establish the(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death in the world. The incidence of HCC in India is reportedly low and varies from 0.2 to 1.9 %. Aflatoxins, secondary metabolites produced by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, are potent human carcinogens implicated in HCC. The prevalence of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) as(More)
Over the past decade, an increasing number of opportunistic fungal infections have been reported in immunocompromised subjects. Microascus spp. and their anamorphs Scopulariopsis spp. have been recovered from a wide geographical range. We report a case of Scopulariopsis brumptii in a 27-year-old man with AIDS presenting with breathlessness, pericardial(More)
BACKGROUND We established the biochemical and hematological reference intervals among a south Indian healthy adult population attending an HIV referral centre in Chennai, southern India. METHODS In a cross sectional study, 213 study subjects (129 male and 84 female) were studied between March and August 2005. All of the parameters were analyzed using(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Malnutrition and low serum albumin among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals are cofactors for HIV disease progression. The present study aimed to identify the proportion of HIV-infected individuals with low serum albumin and the possible cofactors among highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) experienced and(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE Mycoplasmas have been implicated in causing minor to severe respiratory infections in man. Mycoplasmas are considered to act as cofactors in patients with AIDS. A preliminary study was conducted to isolate mycoplasmas from sputum specimens of AIDS patients and non-HIV patients with underlying pulmonary symptoms and signs. METHODS A(More)