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Inhibition of gamma-secretase, one of the enzymes responsible for the cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) to produce the pathogenic beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptides, is an attractive approach to the treatment of Alzheimer disease. In addition to APP, however, several other gamma-secretase substrates have been identified (e.g. Notch), and altered(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated behaviors indicative of anxiolysis in rats pretreated with the nociceptin receptor (opioid receptor like-1, ORL-1) agonist, Ro64-6198. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of Ro64-6198 in anxiety models across three species: rat, guinea pig, and mouse. In addition, the receptor specificity of Ro64-6198 was(More)
Modulation of metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) subtypes represents a novel approach for the treatment of neurological and psychiatric disorders. This study was conducted to investigate the role of the mGluR5 and mGluR1 subtypes in the modulation of pain and anxiety. The mGluR5 antagonists, 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)pyridine (MPEP) and(More)
We quantified the effects amphetamine (AMPH), phenylethylamine (PEA), tyramine (TYR), octopamine (OCT) and DA, on initial rates of DA uptake (striatal minces), binding of [3H]mazindol to the neuronal uptake (NU) site (striatal membranes) and on DA and dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) efflux (striatal slices). In general, the order of potency for the three(More)
The adenosine A(2A) receptor has been implicated in the underlying biology of various neurological and psychiatric disorders, including Parkinson's disease (PD) and depression. Preladenant and SCH 412348 [7-[2-[4-2,4-difluorophenyl]-1-piperazinyl]ethyl]-2-(2-furanyl)-7H-pyrazolo[4,3-e][1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-c]pyrimidin-5-amine] are potent competitive(More)
A deficiency in essential fatty acid metabolism has been reported in plasma from patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). However, its etiology and role in the expression of disease is unknown. The objective of this study was to determine whether alterations in fatty acid metabolism are specific to CF-regulated organs and whether they play a role in the(More)
The turkey beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR), the m1 and m2 forms of the human muscarinic cholingeric receptor (MAChR) and several other mutant and wild-type G protein-coupled receptors were produced in insect Sf9 cells by infection with recombinant baculoviruses. Maximal expression for most receptors was 5-30 pmol receptor/mg protein (2-15 nmol/liter(More)
Galanin is a ubiquitous neuropeptide that regulates a wide array of physiological processes via interaction with specific G protein-coupled receptors. A rat galanin receptor cDNA was cloned from the Rin14B insulinoma cell line. The isolated cDNA encodes a 346 amino acid G protein-coupled receptor that is 92% identical to the recently reported human GALR1(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) binds to a family of G-protein coupled receptors termed Y(1), Y(2), Y(3), Y(4), Y(5), and y(6). The use of various receptor subtype-selective agonists and antagonists has facilitated identification of the receptor subtypes responsible for mediating many of the biological effects of NPY. For example, the potent orexigenic activity of NPY(More)
The release of endogenous dopamine (DA) elicited by electrical stimulation and by d-amphetamine (AMPH) from superfused striatal slices of reserpine-pretreated rabbits was examined. Although reserpine pretreatment reduced tissue DA levels by greater than 95%, the basal efflux of DA and the DA metabolite dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) was slightly greater(More)