E M Grasbon-Frodl

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It has been suggested that oxidative stress plays an important role in mediating excitotoxic neuronal death. We have therefore investigated the protective effects of antioxidants against excitotoxic injury in the rat on striatal neurons both in vitro and in vivo. In the first part of the study, we determined whether two different types of antioxidants, the(More)
Basic parameters which are crucial for the survival of human embryonic striatal grafts need to be investigated before initiating clinical trials in Huntington's disease. In order to define the dissection of human striatal-donor tissue which gives rise to the largest amount of striatal neurons after intrastriatal transplantation, we studied the lateral and(More)
Areas of striatal grafts which contain neurons that are characteristic of the striatum are called P-zones. We have investigated whether the paucity of P-zones in human xenografts of lateral ganglionic eminence (LGE) tissue in a rat model of Huntington's disease is due (i) to an absence of the appropriate target cells of LGE neurons or (ii) to the(More)
Reactive oxygen species are believed to play a crucial role in situations where dopamine neurons die, such as in Parkinson's disease or during intracerebral transplantation of embryonic mesencephalic tissue. The present study was designed to address the question whether, and to what extent, the glutathione redox system is important for the viability of rat(More)
Grafts of striatal tissue comprise two different types of tissue: regions with (P-zones) and without (NP-zones) neurons that express markers characteristic of the striatum, such as dopamine- and cyclic AMP-regulated phosphoprotein with a mol. wt of 32,000 (DARPP-32). It remains unclear whether P-zones alone play a crucial role in functional effects of(More)
We studied the effects of high-dose methylprednisolone on the survival of intrastriatal neural xenografts and the host responses against them. Dissociated mesencephalic tissue from inbred mouse (CBA-strain) embryos was transplanted to the intact striatum of adult Sprague-Dawley rats. The rats received either daily injections of methylprednisolone (30(More)
We assessed the effects of addition of the lazaroid U-83836E to a preservation medium on the survival of rat dopamine neurons stored before culturing or intracerebral transplantation. Embryonic ventral mesencephalic tissue was preserved at 4 degrees C for 8 days with or without the addition of 0.3 mu M of U-83836E to a chemically defined "hibernation"(More)
We explored the effects of congeners of nitrogen monoxide (NO) on cultured mesencephalic neurons. Sodium nitroprusside (SNP) was used as a donor of NO, the congeners of which have been found to exert either neurotoxic or neuroprotective effects depending on the surrounding redox milieu. In contrast to a previous report that suggests that the nitrosonium ion(More)
Intrastriatal grafting of embryonic dopamine-containing neurons is a promising approach for treating clinical and experimental Parkinson's disease. However, neuropathological analyses of grafted patients and transplanted rats have demonstrated that the survival of grafted dopamine neurons is relatively poor. In the present study, we pursued a strategy of(More)
BACKGROUND The morphology of retinal transplants is believed to depend on the extent of mechanical disruption of the donor tissue during the surgical procedure and on local factors of the host environment. We hypothesized that oxidative stress during donor tissue preparation and implantation further affects transplant development and investigated the(More)
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