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Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare and fatal neurodegenerative disorder with a worldwide incidence of 1-1.5 per million. As in other countries, a CJD surveillance unit with a clinical and neuropathological approach was established in Goettingen (Germany) in 1993. Here we report the epidemiological data from a prospective 12-year surveillance. Since(More)
It has been suggested that oxidative stress plays an important role in mediating excitotoxic neuronal death. We have therefore investigated the protective effects of antioxidants against excitotoxic injury in the rat on striatal neurons both in vitro and in vivo. In the first part of the study, we determined whether two different types of antioxidants, the(More)
Basic parameters which are crucial for the survival of human embryonic striatal grafts need to be investigated before initiating clinical trials in Huntington's disease. In order to define the dissection of human striatal-donor tissue which gives rise to the largest amount of striatal neurons after intrastriatal transplantation, we studied the lateral and(More)
Areas of striatal grafts which contain neurons that are characteristic of the striatum are called P-zones. We have investigated whether the paucity of P-zones in human xenografts of lateral ganglionic eminence (LGE) tissue in a rat model of Huntington's disease is due (i) to an absence of the appropriate target cells of LGE neurons or (ii) to the(More)
Reactive oxygen species are believed to play a crucial role in situations where dopamine neurons die, such as in Parkinson's disease or during intracerebral transplantation of embryonic mesencephalic tissue. The present study was designed to address the question whether, and to what extent, the glutathione redox system is important for the viability of rat(More)
Complete sequence analysis of all mitochondrial complex I genes was performed in 22 cases of neuropathologically confirmed idiopathic Parkinson disease (PD). DNA from the substantia nigra was used as a template for polymerase chain reaction-based genomic sequencing. Seven novel mutations causing the exchange of amino acids were detected in subunit genes ND1(More)
Recent in vitro experiments suggest that neurotoxicity of the prion protein is dependent on the presence of microglia. We have studied 11 cases of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) using immunocytochemistry in combination with computerized image analysis to clarify the relationship between spongiform change and microglial activation. MHC class II-positive(More)
Mutations in mitochondrially encoded tRNA genes have been described in a variety of neurological disorders. One such mutation, the A to G transition at nucleotide position 4336 of the mitochondrial tRNA(Gln) gene, has been associated with both Alzheimer and Parkinson disease. We have now performed a complete sequence analysis of all 22 mitochondrially(More)
Grafts of striatal tissue comprise two different types of tissue: regions with (P-zones) and without (NP-zones) neurons that express markers characteristic of the striatum, such as dopamine- and cyclic AMP-regulated phosphoprotein with a mol. wt of 32,000 (DARPP-32). It remains unclear whether P-zones alone play a crucial role in functional effects of(More)
Alois Alzheimer published two papers on the disease which was named after him by Emil Kraepelin in 1910. Each of these papers contains clinical and pathological data on a patient Alzheimer had seen at the hospital. We have previously reported on the rediscovery of tissue sections from Alzheimer's second published case of Alzheimer disease, Johann F., which(More)