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Pollution effects on ozone raise the question of the significance of turbulence in vertical transport in the stratosphere. The aircraft in situ measurements of velocity fluctuations previously employed to estimate turbulence transport were, it is hypothesized, due to atmospheric waves, despite their classical turbulence spectrum. This new hypothesis implies(More)
Pollution effects in the stratosphere and the ocean are exacerbated by buoyant stability. Turbulence in such media is confined to thin layers. To estimate vertical transport by such turbulence, one can view the situation as nature's way of simulating the finite-difference diffusion equation. This analogy finally yields a diffusivity parameter which is valid(More)